Aphasia Bank is a shared database of multimedia interactions for the study of communication in aphasia. The goal of this work is the improvement of patient- oriented treatment of aphasia. To reach that goal, we must solidify the empirical database supporting our understanding of communication in aphasia. Our seven specific aims are: 1. Core Protocol database development. We will continue to expand the core database to include additional participants, languages, bilingual types, and clinical types. 2. Additional database development. We will develop additional standards for creating databases that can include test data, imaging data, and data from participants with severe aphasia. 3. Automatic analysis. We will construct tools for automatic computation of scales sensitive to clinical diagnosis and the measurement of recovery processes. 4. Dissemination. We will disseminate the data, tools, and methods through personal contact, workshops, manuals, journal publications, and downloads over the Internet. We will construct materials for training and teaching. We will place particular emphasis on dissemination of these tools to institutions serving minority populations. 5. Cross-project linkage. We will link the English Aphasia Bank database to emerging databases in the Dementia Bank, TBI Bank, Fluency Bank, and AAC Bank projects. 6. Syndrome classification. Using these new measures and the growing database, we will work with consortium members to develop new approaches to syndrome-based patient classification and diagnosis. 7. Qualitative Analysis. We will develop methods for examining how people with aphasia achieve communication through gesture, scaffolding, and augmentative communication devices.

Public Health Relevance

At a given time, there are approximately 1.2 million people with aphasia in the United States. The annual cost of treatment is roughly $10 billion. The overarching goal of NIH patient-oriented work on aphasia is to develop treatments that can help patients improve their communicative use of language. The goal of Aphasia Bank is the development of standardized evaluation methods to guide the development and evaluation of effective methods for improving language usage in people with aphasia.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Language and Communication Study Section (LCOM)
Program Officer
Cooper, Judith
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Carnegie-Mellon University
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
Zip Code
MacWhinney, Brian; Fromm, Davida; Rose, Yvan et al. (2018) Fostering human rights through TalkBank. Int J Speech Lang Pathol 20:115-119
Fromm, Davida; Forbes, Margaret; Holland, Audrey et al. (2017) Discourse Characteristics in Aphasia Beyond the Western Aphasia Battery Cutoff. Am J Speech Lang Pathol 26:762-768
Nozari, Nazbanou; Faroqi-Shah, Yasmeen (2017) Investigating the origin of nonfluency in aphasia: A path modeling approach to neuropsychology. Cortex 95:119-135
Holland, Audrey; Fromm, Davida; Forbes, Margaret et al. (2017) Long-term Recovery in Stroke Accompanied by Aphasia: A Reconsideration. Aphasiology 31:152-165
Fromm, Davida; Greenhouse, Joel; Hou, Kaiyue et al. (2016) Automated Proposition Density Analysis for Discourse in Aphasia. J Speech Lang Hear Res 59:1123-1132
MacWhinney, Brian; Fromm, Davida (2016) AphasiaBank as BigData. Semin Speech Lang 37:10-22
Fraser, Kathleen C; Meltzer, Jed A; Rudzicz, Frank (2015) Linguistic Features Identify Alzheimer's Disease in Narrative Speech. J Alzheimers Dis 49:407-22
Arbib, Michael A; Bonaiuto, James J; Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Ina et al. (2014) Action and language mechanisms in the brain: data, models and neuroinformatics. Neuroinformatics 12:209-25
MacWhinney, Brian (2014) Challenges facing COS development for aphasia. Aphasiology 28:1393-1395
Andreu, Llorenç; Sanz-Torrent, Mònica; Olmos, Joan Guàrdia et al. (2013) The formulation of argument structure in SLI: an eye-movement study. Clin Linguist Phon 27:111-33

Showing the most recent 10 out of 17 publications