The objective of this renewal is to respond to two commonly observed clinical problems in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disease by engineering a biomimetic TMJ disc complex. This will subsequently be implanted in a porcine animal model. The overall hypothesis is that the implantation of an anatomically-shaped, robust TMJ disc, engineered with attachments and containing appropriate matrix anisotropy, will be able to address TMJ disc perforation (via a patch approach) and TMJ disc lateral defects (via a subtotal approach). The following three specific aims are proposed to test this hypothesis: 1) to characterize the bulk and interfacial properties of the discal attachments, 2) to engineer an anatomically-correct TMJ disc with attachments, and 3) implant this engineered TMJ disc complex in a porcine animal model with clinically representative in vivo defects. While in the previous grant the properties of the TMJ disc were investigated to inform the engineering of the TMJ disc, collaboration with TMJ surgeons has highlighted the functional importance of the disc attachments.
Aim 1 will inform the engineering of the TMJ disc and attachments for Aim 2, by characterizing the biochemical composition, biomechanical properties, and cellular population of the disc attachments and interface. The previous grant also identified the need for a biological TMJ disc replacement to match the native tissue shape and organization. It also recognized the costal cartilage as an alternative cell source for TMJ disc engineering. Therefore, Aim 2 will use this cell source to generate robust constructs with anisotropic features for implantation in Aim 3, and the properties of this """"""""TMJ disc complex"""""""" will be modified using ion channel modulators, a matrix remodeling enzyme, and a tension-compression bioreactor. Finally, Aim 3 will devise methods to surgically access the TMJ, and for the first time, implant and secure an engineered TMJ disc complex in vivo, to fill clinically relevant TMJ disc defects in a porcine model. This proposal seeks to: 1) characterize the discal attachments and their function in the TMJ, to 2) inform the tissue engineering of a functional biological replacement TMJ disc complex, and 3) develop a surgical approach to implant this replacement. PHS 398/2590 (Rev. 06/09) Page Continuation Format Page

Public Health Relevance

Epidemiologic surveys indicate that 20-25% of the general population have symptoms of TMJ disorders (TMDs), with the onset of severe TMDs most prevalent in women ages 20 to 40. Due to the young patient population, there is an immense need for long term clinical solutions to TMDs. Unlike other musculoskeletal problems, there is a clear shortage of treatment options between the onset of TMDs and total joint replacement for severe disease. The objective of this project is to continue work toward elucidating TMJ structure-function relationships and tissue engineering a functional TMJ disc that also includes its attachments. Following a systematic approach, employing exogenous agents and the development of cogent surgical approaches, the tissue engineered TMJ disc complex will be investigated in vivo. Addressed will be two commonly observed clinical pathologies, perforations in the central portion of the disc and damage in the lateral regions of the intermediate zone. PHS 398/2590 (Rev. 06/09) Page Continuation Format Page

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Dental & Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Musculoskeletal Tissue Engineering Study Section (MTE)
Program Officer
Lumelsky, Nadya L
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of California Davis
Biomedical Engineering
Schools of Engineering
United States
Zip Code
Huwe, Le W; Brown, Wendy E; Hu, Jerry C et al. (2018) Characterization of costal cartilage and its suitability as a cell source for articular cartilage tissue engineering. J Tissue Eng Regen Med 12:1163-1176
Vapniarsky, Natalia; Huwe, Le W; Arzi, Boaz et al. (2018) Tissue engineering toward temporomandibular joint disc regeneration. Sci Transl Med 10:
Cissell, Derek D; Link, Jarrett M; Hu, Jerry C et al. (2017) A Modified Hydroxyproline Assay Based on Hydrochloric Acid in Ehrlich's Solution Accurately Measures Tissue Collagen Content. Tissue Eng Part C Methods 23:243-250
Lee, Jennifer K; Huwe, Le W; Paschos, Nikolaos et al. (2017) Tension stimulation drives tissue formation in scaffold-free systems. Nat Mater 16:864-873
Vapniarsky, Natalia; Aryaei, Ashkan; Arzi, Boaz et al. (2017) The Yucatan Minipig Temporomandibular Joint Disc Structure-Function Relationships Support Its Suitability for Human Comparative Studies. Tissue Eng Part C Methods 23:700-709
DuRaine, Grayson D; Brown, Wendy E; Hu, Jerry C et al. (2015) Emergence of scaffold-free approaches for tissue engineering musculoskeletal cartilages. Ann Biomed Eng 43:543-54
Makris, Eleftherios A; Gomoll, Andreas H; Malizos, Konstantinos N et al. (2015) Repair and tissue engineering techniques for articular cartilage. Nat Rev Rheumatol 11:21-34
Murphy, Meghan K; Masters, Taylor E; Hu, Jerry C et al. (2015) Engineering a fibrocartilage spectrum through modulation of aggregate redifferentiation. Cell Transplant 24:235-45
Lee, Jennifer K; Responte, Donald J; Cissell, Derek D et al. (2014) Clinical translation of stem cells: insight for cartilage therapies. Crit Rev Biotechnol 34:89-100
Murphy, M K; Arzi, B; Hu, J C et al. (2013) Tensile characterization of porcine temporomandibular joint disc attachments. J Dent Res 92:753-8

Showing the most recent 10 out of 41 publications