Long chain fatty acids (LCFAs) and LCFA-CoAs serve as important metabolic intermediates in lipid metabolism and as ligand regulators of nuclear transcription factors (PPARalpha, HNF4alpha) involved in LCFA, lipoprotein, and/or glucose metabolism. Although studies with purified fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) in vitro and/or with overexpressed, transformed cells in culture suggest functions in LCFA metabolism, physiological roles of individual FABPs in vivo are unresolved. Liver cells (hepatocytes) express three proteins in abundance that bind both LCFAs and LCFA-CoAs: liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2), and sterol carrier protein-x (SCP-x). The objective of this application is to: (i) eliminate synthesis of LCFA/LCFA-CoA binding proteins individually, and where indicated, multiply in gene-ablated mice; (ii) examine individual role(s) of these proteins in metabolism of straight- and branched-chain LCFAs in cultured hepatocytes and in vivo; and (iii) examine two potential nuclear regulatory mechanism(s) whereby the LCFA/LCFA-CoA binding proteins may exert effects.
The specific aims are focused on cultured hepatocyes and gene-targeted mice to examine:
Aim 1. LCFA uptake and intracellular LCFA/LCFA-CoA transport in hepatocytes cultured from gene-ablated mice and in vivo.
Aim 2. Trafficking of L-FABP, LCFAs/LCFA-CoAs to nuclei, distribution within nuclei, and interaction with PPARalpha and HNF4alpha in cultured hepatocytes from control and gene-ablated mice.
Aim 3. Oxidation of LCFAs in mitochondria, peroxisomes, and endoplasmic reticulum of cultured hepatocytes from gene-ablated mice and in vivo.
Aim 4. Esterification for storage or secretion in cultured hepatocytes from gene-ablated mice and in vivo. With the growing awareness of interrelationships between intracellular fatty acid and glucose metabolism, results from these studies will contribute to our understanding of factors involved in diabetes as well as diseases of lipid metabolism, including atherosclerosis, obesity, and heart disease.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
3R01DK041402-18S1
Application #
7210501
Study Section
Metabolism Study Section (MET)
Program Officer
Laughlin, Maren R
Project Start
1995-06-01
Project End
2006-07-31
Budget Start
2005-08-01
Budget End
2006-07-31
Support Year
18
Fiscal Year
2006
Total Cost
$112,763
Indirect Cost
Name
Texas Agrilife Research
Department
Veterinary Sciences
Type
Schools of Veterinary Medicine
DUNS #
847205713
City
College Station
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
77843
Milligan, Sherrelle; Martin, Gregory G; Landrock, Danilo et al. (2018) Ablating both Fabp1 and Scp2/Scpx (TKO) induces hepatic phospholipid and cholesterol accumulation in high fat-fed mice. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids 1863:323-338
Martin, Gregory G; Seeger, Drew R; McIntosh, Avery L et al. (2018) Scp-2/Scp-x ablation in Fabp1 null mice differentially impacts hepatic endocannabinoid level depending on dietary fat. Arch Biochem Biophys 650:93-102
McIntosh, Avery L; Storey, Stephen M; Huang, Huan et al. (2017) Sex-dependent impact of Scp-2/Scp-x gene ablation on hepatic phytol metabolism. Arch Biochem Biophys 635:17-26
Landrock, Danilo; Milligan, Sherrelle; Martin, Gregory G et al. (2017) Effect of Fabp1/Scp-2/Scp-x Ablation on Whole Body and Hepatic Phenotype of Phytol-Fed Male Mice. Lipids 52:385-397
Martin, Gregory G; Landrock, Danilo; Chung, Sarah et al. (2017) Fabp1 gene ablation inhibits high-fat diet-induced increase in brain endocannabinoids. J Neurochem 140:294-306
Storey, Stephen M; Huang, Huan; McIntosh, Avery L et al. (2017) Impact of Fabp1/Scp-2/Scp-x gene ablation (TKO) on hepatic phytol metabolism in mice. J Lipid Res 58:1153-1165
Huang, Huan; McIntosh, Avery L; Martin, Gregory G et al. (2016) FABP1: A Novel Hepatic Endocannabinoid and Cannabinoid Binding Protein. Biochemistry 55:5243-55
Huang, Huan; McIntosh, Avery L; Landrock, Kerstin K et al. (2015) Human FABP1 T94A variant enhances cholesterol uptake. Biochim Biophys Acta 1851:946-55
Martin, Gregory G; Landrock, Danilo; Landrock, Kerstin K et al. (2015) Relative contributions of L-FABP, SCP-2/SCP-x, or both to hepatic biliary phenotype of female mice. Arch Biochem Biophys 588:25-32
Klipsic, Devon; Landrock, Danilo; Martin, Gregory G et al. (2015) Impact of SCP-2/SCP-x gene ablation and dietary cholesterol on hepatic lipid accumulation. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 309:G387-99

Showing the most recent 10 out of 132 publications