Proper regulation of innate and adaptive immune responses is critical for the maintenance of homeostasis in intestinal tissues and in bringing an immune response to closure in order to restore balance once the requirement for inflammation is ended and repair required such as in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This research proposal addresses the unanswered question of how carcinoembryonic antigen cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) is regulated and in turn regulates intestinal immune responses. Our long-term go`al is to understand how his knowledge can be utilized in the treatment of IBD. The objective of this research is to understand how CEACAM1 isoform expression through alternate splicing is regulated in mucosal tissues, how these isoforms function in the maintenance of homeostasis or regulation of inflammation and the specific intracellular signaling pathways involved. The central hypothesis is that the level and types of CEACAM1 isoforms are directly controlled by the commensal microbiota and that the signaling from these isoforms are associated with distinct functional outcomes that have the common property of maintaining homeostasis through either direct inhibition of immune receptor signaling (CEACAM1-L) or indirect regulation of mucosal lymphocyte function via the induction of unique types of regulatory pathways (e.g. CD4+LAP+ T cells) or processes (e.g. IgA production). The rationale is derived from the emerging view that the relative expression of CEACAM1-long (L) and -short (S) isoforms in a T cell resolves into a tunable system that regulates the overall functional properties of a T cell. Guided by extensive preliminary data, the central hypothesis will be tested in three specific aims: 1) Determine how CEACAM1 expression is regulated in mucosal tissues;2) Define the physiologic functions of CEACAM1 in influencing homeostasis versus inflammation in mucosal tissues, and;3) Elucidate the mechanism(s) of CEACAM1-S signaling and its regulation by CEACAM1-L.
In Aim 1, we seek to understand the mechanism(s) by which commensal microbiota and tolerogenic signals (T cell receptor/CD3 complex signaling) regulate CEACAM1 expression, splicing and responses to antigen.
In Aim 2, using newly created Ceacam1-/- mice and mice with conditional transgenic expression of specific types of CEACAM1- isoforms in T cells, we seek to understand the mechanisms by which CEACAM1 regulates homeostasis.
In Aim 3, we will determine the specific intracellular pathway of CEACAM1-S signaling and define how this is regulated by CEACAM1-L isoforms and the potential for targeted induction of regulatory T cells. Overall, this proposal will gain insights into the fundamental mechanisms of CEACAM1 function, which is significant because it will elucidate CEACAM1 regulation by indigenous environmental factors and the manner in which this regulation results in the maintenance of mucosal homeostasis and the control of intestinal inflammation and other pathologic processes. Such knowledge is expected to identify new strategies for targeting the immune system in the goal of inhibiting inflammation or enhancing anti-tumor and anti-infective immunity.

Public Health Relevance

The proposed research is relevant to public health because understanding how CEACAM1 expression is regulated by commensal microbiota and in turn linked to the control of functional pathways associated with T cells such as regulation and secretory immunity will provide new insights into the mechanisms that maintain mucosal homeostasis. The proposed studies are relevant to the mission of the NIDDK because they are expected to identify new therapeutic strategies for inhibiting inflammation associated with inflammatory bowel disease or enhancing immunity in the treatment of cancers and infections.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Gastrointestinal Mucosal Pathobiology Study Section (GMPB)
Program Officer
Hamilton, Frank A
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Brigham and Women's Hospital
United States
Zip Code
Iyer, Shankar S; Gensollen, Thomas; Gandhi, Amit et al. (2018) Dietary and Microbial Oxazoles Induce Intestinal Inflammation by Modulating Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Responses. Cell 173:1123-1134.e11
Aden, Konrad; Tran, Florian; Ito, Go et al. (2018) ATG16L1 orchestrates interleukin-22 signaling in the intestinal epithelium via cGAS-STING. J Exp Med 215:2868-2886
Sabatos-Peyton, Catherine A; Nevin, James; Brock, Ansgar et al. (2018) Blockade of Tim-3 binding to phosphatidylserine and CEACAM1 is a shared feature of anti-Tim-3 antibodies that have functional efficacy. Oncoimmunology 7:e1385690
Dankner, Matthew; Gray-Owen, Scott D; Huang, Yu-Hwa et al. (2017) CEACAM1 as a multi-purpose target for cancer immunotherapy. Oncoimmunology 6:e1328336
Kim, Walter M; Kaser, Arthur; Blumberg, Richard S (2017) A role for oncostatin M in inflammatory bowel disease. Nat Med 23:535-536
Pyzik, Michal; Rath, Timo; Kuo, Timothy T et al. (2017) Hepatic FcRn regulates albumin homeostasis and susceptibility to liver injury. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:E2862-E2871
Ueshima, Chiyuki; Kataoka, Tatsuki R; Takei, Yusuke et al. (2017) CEACAM1 long isoform has opposite effects on the growth of human mastocytosis and medullary thyroid carcinoma cells. Cancer Med 6:845-856
Tschurtschenthaler, Markus; Adolph, Timon E; Ashcroft, Jonathan W et al. (2017) Defective ATG16L1-mediated removal of IRE1? drives Crohn's disease-like ileitis. J Exp Med 214:401-422
Zeissig, Sebastian; Peuker, Kenneth; Iyer, Shankar et al. (2017) CD1d-Restricted pathways in hepatocytes control local natural killer T cell homeostasis and hepatic inflammation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:10449-10454
Hosomi, Shuhei; Grootjans, Joep; Tschurtschenthaler, Markus et al. (2017) Intestinal epithelial cell endoplasmic reticulum stress promotes MULT1 up-regulation and NKG2D-mediated inflammation. J Exp Med 214:2985-2997

Showing the most recent 10 out of 149 publications