This R01 project has investigated the adhesion mechanisms mediating progenitor homing to bone marrow (BM) and uncovered the role of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) in regulating homeostatic circadian and enforced release of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) from BM. We have identified Nestin+ cells as candidate niche cell that are regulated by SNS nerve fibers. In preliminary studies for this renewal application, we have developed a novel approach combining whole-mount imaging confocal immunofluorescence with computational analyses to assess significant associations between stromal BM structures and HSCs. We have uncovered distinct subsets of Nestin+ cells: the pericytic Nes-GFPbright NG2+ LepR- cells are exclusively associated with arterioles, whereas reticular Nes-GFPdim NG2- LepR+ cells are found near sinusoids. We have found that the most quiescent HSCs are significantly associated with arterioles whereas less quiescent HSCs are found away from arterioles. Further preliminary studies suggest that an HSC progeny, the megakaryocyte (Mk) can feed back to the HSC and regulate quiescence.
In Aim 1, we will assess the differential functions of arteriolar and sinusoidal niches in HSC maintenance using conditional deletion of CXCL12 or SCF.
In Aim 2, we will investigate the role of the Mk niche in HSC maintenance, focusing on the chemokine CXCL4 as putative contributor, and explore the hypothesis that the Mk niche may represent a reserve for Mk-biased HSCs. Finally, we propose in Aim 3 to dissect further how neural signals link the brain and BM by addressing two different aspects of communication between neural signals and BM. In the first subaim, we will investigate using transgenic and optogenetic tools how the signals from SNS nerves which are tightly associated with arteriolar niche, can reach the sinusoidal niche which is not innervated. I the second subaim, we will explore how the brain communicates with BM to release HSCs based on our preliminary data implicating M1R signals originating from the brain. We will test the idea that a hormonal factor links the brain to the BM using parabiosis and candidate hormone analyses. These innovative studies will shed new insight into HSC regulation by the microenvironment.

Public Health Relevance

The microenvironment of the bone marrow plays a critical role in regulating stem cell activity. This project seeks to understand the identity and function of its major cellular and molecular constituents. A greater understanding of stem cell microenvironment will have a major impact for the prevention or therapy of hematological diseases.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Research Project (R01)
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Study Section
Molecular and Cellular Hematology (MCH)
Program Officer
Bishop, Terry Rogers
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Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Gao, Xin; Xu, Chunliang; Asada, Noboru et al. (2018) The hematopoietic stem cell niche: from embryo to adult. Development 145:
Maryanovich, Maria; Takeishi, Shoichiro; Frenette, Paul S (2018) Neural Regulation of Bone and Bone Marrow. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med 8:
Pinho, Sandra; Marchand, Tony; Yang, Eva et al. (2018) Lineage-Biased Hematopoietic Stem Cells Are Regulated by Distinct Niches. Dev Cell 44:634-641.e4
Xu, Chunliang; Gao, Xin; Wei, Qiaozhi et al. (2018) Stem cell factor is selectively secreted by arterial endothelial cells in bone marrow. Nat Commun 9:2449
Maryanovich, Maria; Zahalka, Ali H; Pierce, Halley et al. (2018) Adrenergic nerve degeneration in bone marrow drives aging of the hematopoietic stem cell niche. Nat Med 24:782-791
Wei, Qiaozhi; Frenette, Paul S (2018) Niches for Hematopoietic Stem Cells and Their Progeny. Immunity 48:632-648
Boulais, Philip E; Mizoguchi, Toshihide; Zimmerman, Samuel et al. (2018) The Majority of CD45- Ter119- CD31- Bone Marrow Cell Fraction Is of Hematopoietic Origin and Contains Erythroid and Lymphoid Progenitors. Immunity 49:627-639.e6
Guarnerio, Jlenia; Mendez, Lourdes Maria; Asada, Noboru et al. (2018) A non-cell-autonomous role for Pml in the maintenance of leukemia from the niche. Nat Commun 9:66
Pierce, Halley; Zhang, Dachuan; Magnon, Claire et al. (2017) Cholinergic Signals from the CNS Regulate G-CSF-Mediated HSC Mobilization from Bone Marrow via a Glucocorticoid Signaling Relay. Cell Stem Cell 20:648-658.e4
Zahalka, Ali H; Arnal-Estapé, Anna; Maryanovich, Maria et al. (2017) Adrenergic nerves activate an angio-metabolic switch in prostate cancer. Science 358:321-326

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