Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the world, but, with proper treatment, blindness can be avoided in 90% of individuals with glaucoma. Proper treatment begins with the detection of glaucoma. Our long-term goal is to improve the detection of early glaucomatous damage, as well as the detection of progression of such damage. In this proposal, we focus in particular on the macular region, the most important retinal region for everyday visual performance. To better understand glaucomatous damage to the macula, as part of Aim 1, we test the hypothesis that early macular visual defects have a particular, arcuate, form when tested with behavioral tests [i.e. standard automated perimetry (SAP)]. We propose an anatomical framework to understand the basis of these macular arcuate defects. Based upon this framework, specific structural (anatomical) hypotheses are generated to understand the type of patients who may be susceptible to these defects. These hypotheses are tested using SAP, multifocal visual evoked potentials, and a relatively new noninvasive technique for in vivo measurement of the anatomy of the human retina and optic nerve, called frequency domain optical coherence tomography (fdOCT). Glaucoma damages retinal ganglion cells (RGC) and their axons. Most of the in vivo anatomical studies in humans have focused on the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), which is made up of axon of the RGCs. As part of Aim 2, we focus on measuring RGC thickness directly using fdOCT technology. In particular, we test a simple linear model, which relates local SAP field loss to RGC loss. In addition, we test the hypothesis that RGC loss is a more sensitive measure than peripapillary RNFL thickness for detecting macular damage Finally, in Aim 3 we use our linear structure-function model to improve our ability to detect glaucomatous damage and its progression. In particular, we use the model to predict the progression of structural and functional damage in patients with glaucoma and to predict the relative effectiveness of different tests for detecting glaucoma. Further, our theoretical framework allows us to test hypotheses about why different tests of glaucoma may or may not agree.

Public Health Relevance

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the world, but, with early detection and proper treatment, blindness can be avoided in 90% of individuals with glaucoma. We seek to improve our ability to detect and understand early damage to the most important region of the eye for everyday functions, the macula.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01EY002115-37
Application #
8599458
Study Section
Anterior Eye Disease Study Section (AED)
Program Officer
Chin, Hemin R
Project Start
1977-08-01
Project End
2015-12-31
Budget Start
2014-01-01
Budget End
2014-12-31
Support Year
37
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$354,975
Indirect Cost
$115,624
Name
Columbia University (N.Y.)
Department
Psychology
Type
Other Domestic Higher Education
DUNS #
049179401
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10027
Wu, Zhichao; Weng, Denis S D; Rajshekhar, Rashmi et al. (2018) Effectiveness of a Qualitative Approach Toward Evaluating OCT Imaging for Detecting Glaucomatous Damage. Transl Vis Sci Technol 7:7
De Moraes, Carlos Gustavo; Muhammad, Hassan; Kaur, Khushmit et al. (2018) Interindividual Variations in Foveal Anatomy and Artifacts Seen on Inner Retinal Probability Maps from Spectral Domain OCT Scans of the Macula. Transl Vis Sci Technol 7:4
Mavrommatis, Maria A; Wu, Zhichao; Naegele, Saskia I et al. (2018) Deep Defects Seen on Visual Fields Spatially Correspond Well to Loss of Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Seen on Circumpapillary OCT Scans. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 59:621-628
Hood, Donald C; De Moraes, Carlos G (2018) Four Questions for Every Clinician Diagnosing and Monitoring Glaucoma. J Glaucoma 27:657-664
Wu, Zhichao; Weng, Denis S D; Thenappan, Abinaya et al. (2018) Comparison of Widefield and Circumpapillary Circle Scans for Detecting Glaucomatous Neuroretinal Thinning on Optical Coherence Tomography. Transl Vis Sci Technol 7:11
Hood, Donald C; De Moraes, Carlos Gustavo (2018) Challenges to the Common Clinical Paradigm for Diagnosis of Glaucomatous Damage With OCT and Visual Fields. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 59:788-791
Alhadeff, Paula A; De Moraes, Carlos G; Chen, Monica et al. (2017) The Association Between Clinical Features Seen on Fundus Photographs and Glaucomatous Damage Detected on Visual Fields and Optical Coherence Tomography Scans. J Glaucoma 26:498-504
Muhammad, Hassan; Fuchs, Thomas J; De Cuir, Nicole et al. (2017) Hybrid Deep Learning on Single Wide-field Optical Coherence tomography Scans Accurately Classifies Glaucoma Suspects. J Glaucoma 26:1086-1094
Prager, Alisa J; Hood, Donald C; Liebmann, Jeffrey M et al. (2017) Association of Glaucoma-Related, Optical Coherence Tomography-Measured Macular Damage With Vision-Related Quality of Life. JAMA Ophthalmol 135:783-788
Thenappan, Abinaya; De Moraes, Carlos Gustavo; Wang, Diane L et al. (2017) Optical Coherence Tomography and Glaucoma Progression: A Comparison of a Region of Interest Approach to Average Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness. J Glaucoma 26:473-477

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