Our long-term objective is to ascertain how protein conformation plays a role in biological function and in various diseases.
Our specific aims are to finish our development of our physics-based united-residue (UNRES) approach to the protein folding problem, i.e., to compute structure, folding pathways, and thermodynamic and dynamic properties. This involves replacing the last remaining knowledge-based term, corresponding to side chain-side chain interactions, by physics-based terms, extension of UNRES to simulate folding of disulfide-containing proteins, and to treat the lipid-membrane environment. At the all-atom level, we will treat the pH-dependent ionization of side chains (including solvation), and the use of 13C1 chemical shifts in protein-structure simulation. We will continue the development of our UNRES model of nucleic acids (NA-UNRES) and merge UNRES and NA-UNRES into a viable package, which will be provided to the community. We will also continue the developments of sampling techniques and parallelization of UNRES/MD to carry out simulations of very large single-chain and oligomeric proteins and their complexes, and develop tools, based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for the analysis of mesoscopic-dynamics trajectories. We will demonstrate how these aims can lead to valid predictions of structures and folding pathways of proteins, and protein-nucleic acid and protein-protein complexes. Our main focus will then involve the application of this methodology to a biological problem: the mechanism of action of the human HSP70 chaperone.

Public Health Relevance

As pointed out in the Project Summary, the long-term objective of this research is to ascertain how protein conformation plays a role in various diseases. Examples of such diseases in which conformation plays a role are sickle cell anemia (1) and amyloid diseases such as Alzheimer's (2) and mad cow disease.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Research Project (R01)
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Macromolecular Structure and Function D Study Section (MSFD)
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Wehrle, Janna P
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Cornell University
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Cote, Yoann; Delarue, Patrice; Scheraga, Harold A et al. (2018) From a Highly Disordered to a Metastable State: Uncovering Insights of ?-Synuclein. ACS Chem Neurosci 9:1051-1065
Vorobjev, Yury N; Scheraga, Harold A; Vila, Jorge A (2018) A comprehensive analysis of the computed tautomer fractions of the imidazole ring of histidines in Loligo vulgaris. J Biomol Struct Dyn 36:3094-3105
Grassein, Paul; Delarue, Patrice; Scheraga, Harold A et al. (2018) Statistical Model To Decipher Protein Folding/Unfolding at a Local Scale. J Phys Chem B 122:3540-3549
Solé-Domènech, Santiago; Rojas, Ana V; Maisuradze, Gia G et al. (2018) Lysosomal enzyme tripeptidyl peptidase 1 destabilizes fibrillar A? by multiple endoproteolytic cleavages within the ?-sheet domain. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:1493-1498
Vorobjev, Yury N; Scheraga, Harold A; Vila, Jorge A (2018) Coupled molecular dynamics and continuum electrostatic method to compute the ionization pKa's of proteins as a function of pH. Test on a large set of proteins. J Biomol Struct Dyn 36:561-574
Keasar, Chen; McGuffin, Liam J; Wallner, Björn et al. (2018) An analysis and evaluation of the WeFold collaborative for protein structure prediction and its pipelines in CASP11 and CASP12. Sci Rep 8:9939
Rojas, Ana; Maisuradze, Nika; Kachlishvili, Khatuna et al. (2017) Elucidating Important Sites and the Mechanism for Amyloid Fibril Formation by Coarse-Grained Molecular Dynamics. ACS Chem Neurosci 8:201-209
He, Yi; Maisuradze, Gia G; Yin, Yanping et al. (2017) Sequence-, structure-, and dynamics-based comparisons of structurally homologous CheY-like proteins. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:1578-1583
Makowski, Mariusz; Liwo, Adam; Scheraga, Harold A (2017) Simple Physics-Based Analytical Formulas for the Potentials of Mean Force of the Interaction of Amino Acid Side Chains in Water. VII. Charged-Hydrophobic/Polar and Polar-Hydrophobic/Polar Side Chains. J Phys Chem B 121:379-390
Vila, Jorge A; Scheraga, Harold A (2017) Limiting Values of the one-bond C-H Spin-Spin Coupling Constants of the Imidazole Ring of Histidine at High-pH. J Mol Struct 1134:576-581

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