UV resonance Raman (RR) techniques will be developed for application to structural aspects of nucleic acids and proteins, which underlie their biological function. Novel H-bond patterns will be examined in nucleic acids, including third strand interactions in triple helices and mispaired bases in oligonucleotide duplexes. Ribonuclease A folding mechanisms will be evaluated through direct monitoring of the proline isomer population, and neurophysin conformation changes associated with the binding of hormone peptides will be investigated. A transient UVRR study of bacterial photoreaction centers will be undertaken in order to elucidate the protein dynamics associated with photo-initiated electron transfer.

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National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
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Metallobiochemistry Study Section (BMT)
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Princeton University
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Vaughn, Morgan B; Zhang, Jianyu; Spiro, Thomas G et al. (2018) Activity-Related Microsecond Dynamics Revealed by Temperature-Jump Förster Resonance Energy Transfer Measurements on Thermophilic Alcohol Dehydrogenase. J Am Chem Soc 140:900-903
Meadows, Corey W; Balakrishnan, Gurusamy; Kier, Brandon L et al. (2015) Temperature-Jump Fluorescence Provides Evidence for Fully Reversible Microsecond Dynamics in a Thermophilic Alcohol Dehydrogenase. J Am Chem Soc 137:10060-3
Jones, Eric M; Balakrishnan, Gurusamy; Squier, Thomas C et al. (2014) Distinguishing unfolding and functional conformational transitions of calmodulin using ultraviolet resonance Raman spectroscopy. Protein Sci 23:1094-101
Balakrishnan, Gurusamy; Soldatova, Alexandra V; Reid, Philip J et al. (2014) Ultrafast charge transfer in nickel phthalocyanine probed by femtosecond Raman-induced Kerr effect spectroscopy. J Am Chem Soc 136:8746-54
Jones, Eric M; Monza, Emanuele; Balakrishnan, Gurusamy et al. (2014) Differential control of heme reactivity in alpha and beta subunits of hemoglobin: a combined Raman spectroscopic and computational study. J Am Chem Soc 136:10325-39
Soldatova, Alexandra V; Ibrahim, Mohammed; Spiro, Thomas G (2013) Electronic structure and ligand vibrations in FeNO, CoNO, and FeOO porphyrin adducts. Inorg Chem 52:7478-86
Spiro, Thomas G; Soldatova, Alexandra V; Balakrishnan, Gurusamy (2013) CO, NO and O2 as Vibrational Probes of Heme Protein Interactions. Coord Chem Rev 257:511-527
Balakrishnan, Gurusamy; Hu, Ying; Spiro, Thomas G (2012) His26 protonation in cytochrome c triggers microsecond ?-sheet formation and heme exposure: implications for apoptosis. J Am Chem Soc 134:19061-9
Balakrishnan, Gurusamy; Jarzecki, Andrzej A; Wu, Qiang et al. (2012) Mode recognition in UV resonance Raman spectra of imidazole: histidine monitoring in proteins. J Phys Chem B 116:9387-95
Jones, Eric M; Balakrishnan, Gurusamy; Spiro, Thomas G (2012) Heme reactivity is uncoupled from quaternary structure in gel-encapsulated hemoglobin: a resonance Raman spectroscopic study. J Am Chem Soc 134:3461-71

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