This research program (GM-29028), now in the twenty-seventh year, embodies the evolution of our long- standing commitment to: (A) enantioselective total synthesis of architecturally challenging, pharmacologically important natural products, (B) development and application of new, innovative synthetic methods, and (C) delivery of select targets and analogues in sufficient quantities (ca. 1 gram) for detailed biological evaluation. Going forward, the major thrust of 28-31 year program will be to define, at a fundamental level, the exciting potential of Anion Relay Chemistry (ARC). To demonstrate the diverse chemotypes accessible employing the ARC tactic, we will also undertake several target-oriented syntheses. Thus the revised overall Specific Aims for this program now include: (1) Design, synthesize and validate new, structurally novel linchpins to expand the utility of the ARC tactic;(2) Develop a detailed mechanistic understanding of the ARC tactic, with particular focus on the precise timing and stereochemical outcome of [1,n]-Brook rearrangements to maximize ARC efficiency;(3) Devise and explore an alternate route into the ARC reaction manifold;and most significantly, (4) Demonstrate the power of Iterative ARC (I-ARC) tactics (cf. living polymerization) for complex molecule synthesis (vide infra). To showcase the ARC tactic, we will: (5) Complete the total synthesis of (+) spirastrellolide B, an extremely potent marine antitumor macrolide;(6) Construct a small library of curvularin family members;and (7) Achieve effective total syntheses of secu'amamine A and EBC-23, an alkaloid and terpene respectively, representing two additional chemotypes that demonstrate the utility of the step-efficient ARC tactic.

Public Health Relevance

The principal goal of this research program comprises the design and application of new, innovative synthetic methods, in conjunction with the development of effective synthetic strategies to synthesize architecturally complex natural and natural product like compounds possessing significant bio-regulatory properties that serve as lead compounds for the discovery of new medicines.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Synthetic and Biological Chemistry A Study Section (SBCA)
Program Officer
Lees, Robert G
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Pennsylvania
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
Zip Code
Zou, Yike; Smith 3rd, Amos B (2018) Total synthesis of architecturally complex indole terpenoids: strategic and tactical evolution. J Antibiot (Tokyo) 71:185-204
Zou, Yike; Li, Xiangqin; Yang, Yun et al. (2018) Total Synthesis of (-)-Nodulisporic Acids D, C, and B: Evolution of a Unified Synthetic Strategy. J Am Chem Soc 140:9502-9511
Liu, Qi; Deng, Yifan; Smith 3rd, Amos B (2017) Total Synthesis of (-)-Nahuoic Acid Ci (Bii). J Am Chem Soc 139:13668-13671
Nguyen, Minh H; O'Brien, Kevin T; Smith 3rd, Amos B (2017) Design, Synthesis, and Application of Polymer-Supported Silicon-Transfer Agents for Cross-Coupling Reactions with Organolithium Reagents. J Org Chem 82:11056-11071
Liu, Qi; Chen, Yu; Zhang, Xiao et al. (2017) Type II Anion Relay Chemistry: Conformational Constraints To Achieve Effective [1,5]-Vinyl Brook Rearrangements. J Am Chem Soc 139:8710-8717
Han, Heeoon; Smith 3rd, Amos B (2017) Anion Relay Chemistry: Development of an Effective Diastereoselective [3+2] Annulation Tactic Exploiting an Aldol/Brook Rearrangement/Cyclization Cascade. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 56:14102-14106
Deng, Yifan; Liu, Qi; Smith 3rd, Amos B (2017) Oxidative [1,2]-Brook Rearrangements Exploiting Single-Electron Transfer: Photoredox-Catalyzed Alkylations and Arylations. J Am Chem Soc 139:9487-9490
Nguyen, Minh H; Imanishi, Masashi; Kurogi, Taichi et al. (2016) Total Synthesis of (-)-Mandelalide A Exploiting Anion Relay Chemistry (ARC): Identification of a Type II ARC/CuCN Cross-Coupling Protocol. J Am Chem Soc 138:3675-8
Farrell, Mark; Melillo, Bruno; Smith 3rd, Amos B (2016) Type?II Anion Relay Chemistry: Exploiting Bifunctional Weinreb Amide Linchpins for the One-Pot Synthesis of Differentiated 1,3-Diketones, Pyrans, and Spiroketals. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 55:232-5
Martinez-Solorio, Dionicio; Melillo, Bruno; Sanchez, Luis et al. (2016) Design, Synthesis, and Validation of an Effective, Reusable Silicon-Based Transfer Agent for Room-Temperature Pd-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions of Aryl and Heteroaryl Chlorides with Readily Available Aryl Lithium Reagents. J Am Chem Soc 138:1836-9

Showing the most recent 10 out of 88 publications