It has become apparent that RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) elongation control plays a major role in regulating transcription throughout development and differentiation of multi-cellular organisms. The process is characterized by the default action of negative elongation factors, including NELF and DSIF that halt transcription of initiated polymerases near promoters. These poised polymerases are either released from the template by TTF2 or other termination factors or are allowed to enter productive elongation through the selective action of the positive elongation factor, P-TEFb. The cyclin dependent kinase activity of P-TEFb is regulated by reversible association with the 7SK snRNP mediated by HEXIM proteins. The main goal of this proposal is to further define the mechanisms utilized to control RNAPII elongation. The approach will employ biochemical and molecular methods in human and mouse cells and in the model organism, Drosophila. In the first aim, the function of P-TEFb and the potential role of premature termination in regulating transcription will be studied. Part of the plan includes in vitro biochemical approaches;however global analyses are planned in which transcription of all genes will be examined using chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by massively parallel sequencing (ChIP-seq).
The second aim focuses on cellular mechanisms utilized to control P- TEFb and how these may involved in conferring selectivity to the genes activated by P-TEFb. Here again genome wide mapping of P-TEFb regulatory factors will be carried out. In the final aim the roles of the termination factor TTF2 will be addressed. In addition to its role in mitotic repression of transcription elongation, studies will examine its role in transcription coupled DNA repair, premature termination at the 52 end of genes, and in termination following normal 32 end formation. The principle investigator is a professor at the University of Iowa and this project will be carried out in the excellent environment offered by his lab and the facilities in the University of Iowa, College of Medicine.

Public Health Relevance

Project Narrative The proposed research in this application will make a major contribution toward understanding the basic cellular mechanisms that control transcription. It is critical to understand how transcription is regulated because abnormalities in this process are responsible developmental defects, cancer and other pathologies.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Research Project (R01)
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Molecular Genetics B Study Section (MGB)
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Tompkins, Laurie
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University of Iowa
Schools of Medicine
Iowa City
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Price, David H (2018) Transient pausing by RNA polymerase II. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:4810-4812
Mullen, Nicholas J; Price, David H (2017) Hydrogen peroxide yields mechanistic insights into human mRNA capping enzyme function. PLoS One 12:e0186423
Brogie, John E; Price, David H (2017) Reconstitution of a functional 7SK snRNP. Nucleic Acids Res 45:6864-6880
Nilson, Kyle A; Lawson, Christine K; Mullen, Nicholas J et al. (2017) Oxidative stress rapidly stabilizes promoter-proximal paused Pol II across the human genome. Nucleic Acids Res 45:11088-11105
Bosque, Alberto; Nilson, Kyle A; Macedo, Amanda B et al. (2017) Benzotriazoles Reactivate Latent HIV-1 through Inactivation of STAT5 SUMOylation. Cell Rep 18:1324-1334
Tan, Justin L; Fogley, Rachel D; Flynn, Ryan A et al. (2016) Stress from Nucleotide Depletion Activates the Transcriptional Regulator HEXIM1 to Suppress Melanoma. Mol Cell 62:34-46
Nilson, Kyle A; Guo, Jiannan; Turek, Michael E et al. (2015) THZ1 Reveals Roles for Cdk7 in Co-transcriptional Capping and Pausing. Mol Cell 59:576-87
Guo, Jiannan; Li, Tiandao; Schipper, Joshua et al. (2014) Sequence specificity incompletely defines the genome-wide occupancy of Myc. Genome Biol 15:482
Fowler, Trent; Ghatak, Payel; Price, David H et al. (2014) Regulation of MYC expression and differential JQ1 sensitivity in cancer cells. PLoS One 9:e87003
Guo, Jiannan; Turek, Michael E; Price, David H (2014) Regulation of RNA polymerase II termination by phosphorylation of Gdown1. J Biol Chem 289:12657-65

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