This proposal develops novel statistics and machine learning methods for distributed analysis of big data in biomedical studies and precision medicine and for selecting a small group of molecules that are associated with biological and clinical outcomes from high-throughput data such as microarray, proteomic, and next generation sequence from biomedical research, especially for autism studies and Alzheimer?s disease research. It focuses on developing efficient distributed statistical methods for Big Data computing, storage, and communication, and for solving distributed health data collected at different locations that are hard to aggregate in meta-analysis due to privacy and ownership concerns. It develops both computationally and statistically efficient methods and valid statistical tools for exploring heterogeneity of big data in precision medicine, for studying associations of genomics and genetic information with clinical and biological outcomes, and for feature selection and model building in presence of errors-in- variables, endogeneity, and heavy-tail error distributions, and for predicting clinical outcomes and understanding molecular mechanisms. It introduces more robust and powerful statistical tests for selection of significant genes, SNPs, and proteins in presence of dependence of data, valid control of false discovery rate for dependent test statistics, and evaluation of treatment effects on a group of molecules. The strength and weakness of each proposed method will be critically analyzed via theoretical investigations and simulation studies. Related software will be developed for free dissemination. Data sets from ongoing autism research, Alzheimer?s disease, and other biomedical studies will be analyzed by using the newly developed methods and the results will be further biologically confirmed and investigated. The research findings will have strong impact on statistical analysis of high throughput big data for biomedical research and on understanding heterogeneity for precision medicine and molecular mechanisms of autism, Alzheimer?s disease, and other diseases.
This proposal develops novel statistical machine learning methods and bioinformatic tools for finding genes, proteins, and SNPs that are associated with clinical outcomes and discovering heterogeneity for precision medicine. Data sets from ongoing autism research, Alzheimer?s disease and other biomedical studies will be critically analyzed using the newly developed statistical methods, and the results will be further biologically confirmed and investigated. The research findings will have strong impact on developing therapeutic targets and understanding heterogeneity for precision and molecular mechanisms of autism, Alzheimer?s diseases, and other diseases. !
|Fan, Jianqing; Liu, Han; Wang, Weichen (2018) LARGE COVARIANCE ESTIMATION THROUGH ELLIPTICAL FACTOR MODELS. Ann Stat 46:1383-1414|
|Chen, Zhao; Fan, Jianqing; Li, Runze (2018) Error Variance Estimation in Ultrahigh-Dimensional Additive Models. J Am Stat Assoc 113:315-327|
|Li, Quefeng; Cheng, Guang; Fan, Jianqing et al. (2018) Embracing the Blessing of Dimensionality in Factor Models. J Am Stat Assoc 113:380-389|
|Fan, Jianqing; Shao, Qi-Man; Zhou, Wen-Xin (2018) ARE DISCOVERIES SPURIOUS? DISTRIBUTIONS OF MAXIMUM SPURIOUS CORRELATIONS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS. Ann Stat 46:989-1017|
|Battey, Heather; Fan, Jianqing; Liu, Han et al. (2018) DISTRIBUTED TESTING AND ESTIMATION UNDER SPARSE HIGH DIMENSIONAL MODELS. Ann Stat 46:1352-1382|
|Zhou, Wen-Xin; Bose, Koushiki; Fan, Jianqing et al. (2018) A NEW PERSPECTIVE ON ROBUST M-ESTIMATION: FINITE SAMPLE THEORY AND APPLICATIONS TO DEPENDENCE-ADJUSTED MULTIPLE TESTING. Ann Stat 46:1904-1931|
|Fan, Jianqing; Liu, Han; Sun, Qiang et al. (2018) I-LAMM FOR SPARSE LEARNING: SIMULTANEOUS CONTROL OF ALGORITHMIC COMPLEXITY AND STATISTICAL ERROR. Ann Stat 46:814-841|
|Avella-Medina, Marco; Battey, Heather S; Fan, Jianqing et al. (2018) Robust estimation of high-dimensional covariance and precision matrices. Biometrika 105:271-284|
|Fan, Jianqing; Han, Xu (2017) Estimation of the false discovery proportion with unknown dependence. J R Stat Soc Series B Stat Methodol 79:1143-1164|
|Cheng, Zhijian; Bosco, Dale B; Sun, Li et al. (2017) Neural Stem Cell-Conditioned Medium Suppresses Inflammation and Promotes Spinal Cord Injury Recovery. Cell Transplant 26:469-482|
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