Our study focuses on a family of human C2H2 zinc finger proteins composed of ZFX, ZFY, and ZNF711 which are expressed in all human cell types. In our preliminary studies, we show that deletion of ZFX family members has severe detrimental consequences on cell proliferation. We have performed ChIP- seq assays for ZFX, ZFY, and ZNF711 in several different human cell lines. Interestingly, we found that these TFs have identical binding patterns at the same CpG island promoter regions, with an average peak of binding at +240bp downstream of the transcription start site. Although their protein structure suggests that ZFX, ZFY, and ZNF711 are transcriptional regulators, the mechanisms by which they influence transcription have not yet been elucidated. Our preliminary results suggest that the ZXF family members are important regulators of the human transcriptome. A failure to properly regulate the transcriptome can lead to many types of human disease. Therefore, a thorough characterization of this family of TFs is of critical importance. Two of the family members (ZFX and ZFY) are essentially identical proteins encoded on either the X or Y chromosome, whereas ZNF711 has 67% overall similarity with ZFX and 87% similarity in the zinc finger domain. Because ZFX and ZFY are basically identical proteins, we will focus on a comparison of ZFX and ZNF711 using a female cell line (which lacks ZFY). We propose to characterize the mechanisms by which these factors regulate transcription using a 3-pronged approach.
In Aim 1, we will perform detailed investigations of ZFX and ZNF711 binding to determine how these transcription factors are recruited to CpG island promoters.
In Aim 2, we will identify critical regulatory domains and interacting proteins of ZFX and ZNF711.
In Aim 3, we will characterize the mechanism by which ZFX and ZNF711 mediate transcriptional regulation. Importantly, each of the Aims can be performed independently of the others and can begin immediately. Through the combination of Aims 1-3, we will thoroughly characterize the function of the ZFX family using epigenomic, proteomic, and transcriptomic approaches. Completion of our proposed studies will provide new insights into transcriptional regulation and chromatin structure at human CpG island promoters.
A failure to properly regulate the transcriptome can lead to many types of human disease. Our proposal focuses on the ZFX family of transcription factors, which bind to a novel downstream element at the majority of human CpG island promoters. We will determine the mechanism by which ZFX contributes to the robust expression of human genes; successful completion of our studies will reveal new insights into transcriptional regulation and may provide new therapeutic options for numerous diseases.