The major aims of the proposed research are to add (1) to our understanding of the development of phonetic competence during early infancy, (2) to our knowledge of the early perceptual capacities of infants and (3) to our knowledge of the processing systems that underlie the perception of speech in mature listeners. More specifically, experiments that use a high amplitude sucking procedure are proposed to investigate whether some of the prerequisites for duplex perception exist within the processing capacity of young infants. These prerequisites include being able to discriminate information in either channel and being able to fuse dichotically presented acoustic information. Additional studies are planned that are relevant to duplex perception, but that will also provide evidence related to the general problem of whether infants perceive the information for speech (in this case formant transitions) in accord with principles that would seem to derive from tacit knowledge of the consequences of production. In another series of experiments with infants, the characteristics of the processing system that mediates the perception of simple visual patterns is to be investigated. The proposed studies, which use a familiarization/novelty preference method, are designed to provide more detailed data on the use of multiple sources of visual information. Of concern is how these processing properties compare to seemingly similar processes in the domain of speech. Finally, two series of experiments are planned with adult listeners. The first series is to provide data on the flow of information during the perception of speech. A modification of the procedure to study duplex perception is to be used to examine the limits on the extent to which information can be used by more than a single processor. The second series of studies investigates the higher-order, decision-related aspects of the speech processing system. These experiments use a priming technique to examine the effects of automatic processes as well as acquired expectations on simple decisions based on the perceived phonetic quality of speech signals. These studies together should serve to enlarge our view of the perceptual systems for speech and provide a base against which deviations in the development of competence for the processing of speech may be evaluated.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
3R01HD005331-20S1
Application #
3310367
Study Section
Human Development and Aging Subcommittee 3 (HUD)
Project Start
1976-09-01
Project End
1992-11-30
Budget Start
1990-09-01
Budget End
1990-11-30
Support Year
20
Fiscal Year
1990
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Brown University
Department
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
001785542
City
Providence
State
RI
Country
United States
Zip Code
02912
Eimas, P D; Quinn, P C (1994) Studies on the formation of perceptually based basic-level categories in young infants. Child Dev 65:903-17
Eimas, P D (1994) Categorization in early infancy and the continuity of development. Cognition 50:83-93
Eimas, P D; Quinn, P C; Cowan, P (1994) Development of exclusivity in perceptually based categories of young infants. J Exp Child Psychol 58:418-31
Quinn, P C; Eimas, P D; Rosenkrantz, S L (1993) Evidence for representations of perceptually similar natural categories by 3-month-old and 4-month-old infants. Perception 22:463-75
Nygaard, L C (1993) Phonetic coherence in duplex perception: effects of acoustic differences and lexical status. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 19:268-86
LaGasse, L L (1993) Effects of good form and spatial frequency on global precedence. Percept Psychophys 53:89-105
Eimas, P D; Miller, J L (1991) A constraint on the discrimination of speech by young infants. Lang Speech 34 ( Pt 3):251-63
Nygaard, L C; Eimas, P D (1990) A new version of duplex perception: evidence for phonetic and nonphonetic fusion. J Acoust Soc Am 88:75-86
Clarkson, R L; Eimas, P D; Marean, G C (1989) Speech perception in children with histories of recurrent otitis media. J Acoust Soc Am 85:926-33
Eimas, P D; Galaburda, A M (1989) Some agenda items for a neurobiology of cognition: an introduction. Cognition 33:1-23

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