The proposed research has five broad aims. First, the work seeks to examine the nature and sources of cognitive, language and literacy skills growth during the transition from preschool to the early school years. Combining an ecological perspective with a natural experiment (school cutoff), the research will examine specifically the interactive role of child, family and schooling factors in shaping trajectories of cognitive growth from three years of age to second grade. Second, the project will explore the utility of constructing and charting developmental pathways to literacy, utilizing a combination of analytic tools, including multiple regression, structural equation modeling and a homogeneous grouping strategy. The combination of methods will permit creation of frameworks for describing the complex, dynamic interactions among child, family and schooling factors that shape literacy acquisition in school-age children. Third, the """"""""pathway"""""""" framework will permit direct examination of selected sources of domain-specificity in aspects of cognitive and literacy growth. Domain-specificity will be seen in part as a function of an interaction of child and family characteristics and instructional experiences in school. Fourth, the pathway notion will be applied to an examination of stability and change across age in cognitive and literacy skills. It is argued that whether children's cognitive, language or literacy skills remain relatively stable or not will depend, in part, on the interaction of earlier influences (child, family) with concurrent influences in the schooling environment. Finally, the work will attempt to apply the pathway strategy to examination of issues of risk and resilience in childhood. Here too, fuller understanding of the factors that place a child at risk for later negative outcomes or serve to protect the child from consequences of adverse circumstances will be enhanced by examining the interaction of risk versus protective factors over time as they shape unique trajectories of growth.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Research Project (R01)
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Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BBBP-4 (01))
Program Officer
Griffin, James
Project Start
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University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Schools of Arts and Sciences
Ann Arbor
United States
Zip Code
Montroy, Janelle J; Bowles, Ryan P; Skibbe, Lori E et al. (2016) The development of self-regulation across early childhood. Dev Psychol 52:1744-1762
Bindman, Samantha W; Skibbe, Lori E; Hindman, Annemarie H et al. (2014) Parental Writing Support and Preschoolers' Early Literacy, Language, and Fine Motor Skills. Early Child Res Q 29:614-624
Bindman, Samantha W; Hindman, Annemarie H; Bowles, Ryan P et al. (2013) The Contributions of Parental Management Language to Executive Function in Preschool Children. Early Child Res Q 28:529-539
Skibbe, Lori E; Hindman, Annemarie H; Connor, Carol M et al. (2013) Relative Contributions of Pre-Kindergarten and Kindergarten to Children's Literacy and Mathematics Skills. Early Educ Dev 24:687-703
Skibbe, Lori E; Bindman, Samantha W; Hindman, Annemarie H et al. (2013) Longitudinal Relations Between Parental Writing Support and Preschoolers' Language and Literacy Skills. Read Res Q 48:387-401
Cameron, Claire E; Brock, Laura L; Murrah, William M et al. (2012) Fine motor skills and executive function both contribute to kindergarten achievement. Child Dev 83:1229-44
Skibbe, Lori; Grimm, Kevin; Bowles, Ryan et al. (2012) Literacy Growth in the Academic Year versus Summer from Preschool through Second Grade: Differential Effects of Schooling across Four Skills. Sci Stud Read 16:141-165
Skibbe, Lori E; Connor, Carol McDonald; Morrison, Frederick J et al. (2011) Schooling effects on preschoolers' self-regulation, early literacy, and language growth. Early Child Res Q 26:42-49
Wanless, Shannon B; McClelland, Megan M; Acock, Alan C et al. (2011) Measuring behavioral regulation in four societies. Psychol Assess 23:364-78
Bowles, Ryan P; Skibbe, Lori E; Justice, Laura M (2011) Analysis of letter name knowledge using Rasch measurement. J Appl Meas 12:387-98

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