Researchers from University of Maryland and the National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi (NCAER) propose to collect a second wave of an all India panel study originally fielded in 1994 by the NCAER. These panel surveys will be publicly available to Indian as well as international scholars and will become a premiere data source for studying fertility and family planning, school enrollment, labor force behavior, family demography and aging. Cultural, social and economic variation in India, captured during a period of rapid social change, will allow scholars to test a variety of theories. For the present project, these surveys of approximately 40,000 households will enable us to study how the interplay between poverty, gender, and public policy determine morbidity, mortality, and access to quality health care. Poverty, gender, and public policy are three principal dimensions along which maternal and child health is hypothesized to rise and fall in most developing countries, however, research which empirically examines this link has been limited in scope. India is an especially favorable location to study each of these forces because of the great variations across regions and time in each of these dimensions. This is also an opportune time to study health outcomes in India due to significant policy changes between the time of the first and the second surveys including decentralization of health services, abolition of contraceptive targets and changes in food distribution systems. The second wave of the household survey will replicate earlier measures of morbidity, anthropometry, and mortality as the principal health outcomes. Survival or cause of death of all household members from the first wave will permit more reliable mortality analyses in the panel. Survey sections on immunizations, antenatal care, health expenditures, and type of medical and maternity care will be repeated and expanded to measure the proximate sources of health outcomes. Combined with extensive household-level measures of income, consumption, assets, employment, education and gender relation, these data will be invaluable to research on health outcomes, health seeking behavior, and health policy.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Research Project (R01)
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Social Sciences, Nursing, Epidemiology and Methods 4 (SNEM)
Program Officer
Evans, V Jeffrey
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University of Maryland College Park
Social Sciences
Schools of Arts and Sciences
College Park
United States
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Vikram, Kriti (2018) Social capital and child nutrition in India: The moderating role of development. Health Place 50:42-51
Vikram, Kriti; Chen, Feinian; Desai, Sonalde (2018) Mothers' work patterns and Children's cognitive achievement: Evidence from the India Human Development survey. Soc Sci Res 72:207-224
Barik, Debasis; Desai, Sonalde; Vanneman, Reeve (2018) Economic Status and Adult Mortality in India: Is the Relationship Sensitive to Choice of Indicators? World Dev 103:176-187
Myroniuk, Tyler W; Vanneman, Reeve; Desai, Sonalde (2017) Getting a Child Through Secondary School and To College in India: The Role of Household Social Capital. Sociol Dev (Oakl) 3:24-46
Thorat, Amit; Vanneman, Reeve; Desai, Sonalde et al. (2017) Escaping and Falling into Poverty in India Today. World Dev 93:413-426
Allendorf, Keera; Pandian, Roshan K (2016) The Decline of Arranged Marriage? Marital Change and Continuity in India. Popul Dev Rev 42:435-464
Basu, Alaka M; Desai, Sonalde (2016) Hopes, Dreams and Anxieties: India's One-Child Families. Asian Popul Stud 12:4-27
Stroope, Samuel (2015) Seclusion, decision-making power, and gender disparities in adult health: Examining hypertension in India. Soc Sci Res 53:288-99
Allendorf, Keera (2015) Fertility Decline, Gender Composition of Families, and Expectations of Old Age Support. Popul Res Policy Rev 34:511-539
Desai, Sonalde; Vanneman, Reeve (2015) Enhancing Nutrition Security via India's National Food Security Act: Using an Axe instead of a Scalpel? India Policy Forum 11:67-113

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