Conflictual and dysfunctional romantic relationships are a major cause of unhappiness in adulthood and are associated with areas of national concern such as domestic violence and high divorce rates. In the current study, we have focused on the development of aggression, both physical and psychological, in the romantic relationships of young, at-risk men. We have tested fully prospective models, grounded in a life-span, developmental-contextual theoretical perspective based in social learning theory, of family and peer group factors related to the emergence of aggression toward a partner. In the proposed study, we plan to extend this model through early adulthood by examining developmental risk (e.g., antisocial behavior, depressive symptoms), contextual risk (e.g., antisocial behavior, substance use), and relational (e.g., affect, problem solving) factors related to the course of aggression and to relationship instability and deterioration. We also plan to examine the impacts of aggression toward a partner (e.g., injury, fear). Hypotheses will be tested for the developmental period from late adolescence through early adulthood (ages 31-32 years). For each of the specific aims, we will examine gender differences. To address the aims, we plan to continue following the young men in the Oregon Youth Study (OYS) and their romantic partners. The OYS men comprise an at-risk community sample who were first recruited in Grade 4 and assessed yearly, with a current N of 196, a 97% retention rate. The men are now ages 26-28 years. The OYS Couples study began when the men were in late adolescence, and 188 OYS men have participated in the study. Proposed data collection includes two additional waves 2 years apart, when the men will be in their late 20's and early 30's (OYS Couples T6 and T7), and will include assessment of both partners and observation of a series of discussions, including a problem-solving discussion. This data collection will allow us to increase understanding of the course of key relationship behaviors, including aggression and associated outcomes across early adulthood, which is essential for informing prevention and treatment studies. Multi-method, multiagent data, including observations, on the course of such behaviors over this period of time for a community sample is currently virtually nonexistent. We plan to use a variety of multi-level modeling approaches to test the study hypotheses. ? ?

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Research Project (R01)
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Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-SSS-N (02))
Program Officer
Feerick, Margaret M
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Oregon Social Learning Center, Inc.
United States
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Wiesner, Margit; Yoerger, Karen; Capaldi, Deborah M (2018) Patterns and Correlates of Offender Versatility and Specialization across a 23-Year Span for At-Risk Young Men. Vict Offender 13:28-47
Kerr, David C R; Gini, Gianluca; Capaldi, Deborah M (2017) Young men's suicidal behavior, depression, crime, and substance use risks linked to childhood teasing. Child Abuse Negl 67:32-43
Feingold, Alan (2017) Meta-analysis with standardized effect sizes from multilevel and latent growth models. J Consult Clin Psychol 85:262-266
Capaldi, Deborah M; Kerr, David C R; Owen, Lee D et al. (2017) Intergenerational Associations in Sexual Onset: Mediating Influences of Parental and Peer Sexual Teasing and Youth Substance Use. J Adolesc Health 61:342-347
Kerr, David C R; Gini, Gianluca (2017) Prospective associations between peer teasing in childhood and young men's obesity. Obes Res Clin Pract 11:640-646
Capaldi, Deborah M; Kerr, David C R; Eddy, J Mark et al. (2016) Understanding Persistence and Desistance in Crime and Risk Behaviors in Adulthood: Implications for Theory and Prevention. Prev Sci 17:785-93
Capaldi, Deborah M; Tiberio, Stacey S; Kerr, David C R et al. (2016) The Relationships of Parental Alcohol Versus Tobacco and Marijuana Use With Early Adolescent Onset of Alcohol Use. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 77:95-103
Tiberio, Stacey S; Capaldi, Deborah M; Kerr, David C R et al. (2016) Parenting and the development of effortful control from early childhood to early adolescence: A transactional developmental model. Dev Psychopathol 28:837-53
Kerr, David C R; Tiberio, Stacey S; Capaldi, Deborah M (2015) Contextual risks linking parents' adolescent marijuana use to offspring onset. Drug Alcohol Depend 154:222-8
Feingold, Alan; Capaldi, Deborah M; Owen, Lee D (2015) Proximal vs. distal predictors of alcohol use disorders and treatment utilization in at-risk men in early middle age. Compr Psychiatry 61:64-71

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