This is a proposal to create a biologically active prosthetic arterial graft incorporating gene silencing to an antithrombotic and pro-angiogenic surface. The research team is unique in its cohesiveness and breadth of expertise including textiles, polymers, cell biology, molecular biology, and surgery, all with an established focus on vascular grafts. This project builds on our long-standing work where we have 1) characterized the lesion of anastomotic neointimal hyperplasia (AIH) downstream of the prosthetic graft, 2) established the role of blood flow-surface interaction in AIH pathogenesis, 3) applied biologic modification to the graft surface by incorporating antithrombotic (rHirudin) and endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) to delay thrombus formation and improve endothelialization, and 4) determined the unique gene signature associated with AIH development, including identification of high profile pathogenic targets. The goals of the current proposal are to 1) Validate the involvement of MARCKS, CDH11, and TSP2 in the pathogenesis of AIH, by means of in vitro loss-of-function studies in endothelial and smooth muscle cells using siRNA, 2) Create a bioactive electrospun nanofibrous graft material and determine optimal physical properties that it requires for effective siRNA delivery to the vasculature under pulsatile flow and operating room conditions and, 3) implant the graft prototype in a large canine animal model, after preliminary testing in a rat model, and determine sequentially its potential to deliver siRNA, effectively induce gene silencing and positively impact the development of AIH lesions, including graft healing and patency. This is a stepwise study bringing to bear a unique and appropriately broad range of expertise on the effective application of gene silencing to improve the outcome of prosthetic arterial grafts. The information will also be of interest in the larger use of materials to deliver siRNA for therapeutic purposes.

Public Health Relevance

This is a proposal to create an improved bypass graft to treat cardiovascular disease. A new material that mimics normal blood vessel will be used to carry agents that silence the expression of tissue genes that cause blockage of existing graft materials. It will greatly improve the treatment of atherosclerosis in the heart and circulation system. More general benefits will come for using biomaterials to deliver gene silencing for other purposes such as tissue repair.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Bioengineering, Technology and Surgical Sciences Study Section (BTSS)
Program Officer
Baldwin, Tim
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
United States
Zip Code
Nabzdyk, Christoph S; Pradhan-Nabzdyk, Leena; LoGerfo, Frank W (2017) RNAi therapy to the wall of arteries and veins: anatomical, physiologic, and pharmacological considerations. J Transl Med 15:164
Bodewes, Thomas C F; Johnson, Joel M; Auster, Michael et al. (2017) Intraluminal delivery of thrombospondin-2 small interfering RNA inhibits the vascular response to injury in a rat carotid balloon angioplasty model. FASEB J 31:109-119
Raof, Nurazhani A; Rajamani, Deepa; Chu, Hsun-Chieh et al. (2016) The effects of transfection reagent polyethyleneimine (PEI) and non-targeting control siRNAs on global gene expression in human aortic smooth muscle cells. BMC Genomics 17:20
Pradhan-Nabzdyk, Leena; Huang, Chenyu; LoGerfo, Frank W et al. (2014) Current siRNA targets in atherosclerosis and aortic aneurysm. Discov Med 17:233-46
Nabzdyk, Christoph S; Chun, Maggie C; Oliver-Allen, Hunter S et al. (2014) Gene silencing in human aortic smooth muscle cells induced by PEI-siRNA complexes released from dip-coated electrospun poly(ethylene terephthalate) grafts. Biomaterials 35:3071-9
Pradhan-Nabzdyk, Leena; Huang, Chenyu; LoGerfo, Frank W et al. (2014) Current siRNA targets in the prevention and treatment of intimal hyperplasia. Discov Med 18:125-32
McGillicuddy, Fiona C; Moll, Herwig P; Farouk, Samira et al. (2014) Translational studies of A20 in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Adv Exp Med Biol 809:83-101
da Silva, Cleide Gonçalves; Minussi, Darlan Conterno; Ferran, Christiane et al. (2014) A20 expressing tumors and anticancer drug resistance. Adv Exp Med Biol 809:65-81
Nabzdyk, Christoph S; Chun, Maggie; Pradhan Nabzdyk, Leena et al. (2012) Differential susceptibility of human primary aortic and coronary artery vascular cells to RNA interference. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 425:261-5
Bhasin, Manoj; Huang, Zhen; Pradhan-Nabzdyk, Leena et al. (2012) Temporal network based analysis of cell specific vein graft transcriptome defines key pathways and hub genes in implantation injury. PLoS One 7:e39123

Showing the most recent 10 out of 41 publications