Endothelial cells (EC) release factors that reduce vascular tone and counteract vasoconstriction including nitric oxide (NO) and PGI2. In the rabbit aorta, endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine are reduced, but not blocked, by inhibitors of NO and PG synthesis and are attributed to endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF). They are blocked by inhibitors of phospholipases, lipoxygenases (LOs) and/or cytochrome P450s (CYPs). Arachidonic acid (AA) also causes endothelium-dependent relaxations and hyperpolarizations that are blocked by LO and CYP inhibitors, high [K]o and apamin. Thus, these relaxations and hyperpolarizations are mediated by a LO metabolite of AA. We have identified 2 vasodilator LO metabolites of AA as 11(R),12(S),15(S)- trihydroxy-eicosatrienoic acid (11,12,15-THETA) and a novel dihydro-furan,15-hydroxy-11,14- epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (15-H-11,14-EETA). 11,12,15-THETA relaxes rabbit aorta, hyperpolarizes aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs), activates a SMC apamin-sensitive K channel and is released by acetylcholine. In young rabbits, the synthesis of these LO metabolites is elevated and treatment with a LO inhibitor increases blood pressure. These LO metabolites may be important in regulating blood pressure and blood flow in young animals and mediating relaxations to acetylcholine and other agonists in older animals. The proposed studies will test the hypothesis that arachidonic acid is metabolized by the endothelium to vasodilator eicosanoids, including 11,12,15-THETA and 15-H- 11,14-EETA, that regulate vascular tone, mediate the action of vasoactive hormones and regulate blood pressure. The proposed experiments will: 1. Compare the natural and synthetic 15-H-11,14- EETA and 11,12,15-THETA for vasorelaxation, chromatographic behavior and mechanism of action and test the hypothesis that 15-H-11,14-EETA and 11,12,15-THETA relax and hyperpolarize SMCs by activating K channels; 2. Characterize the vascular consequences of the co-release of K, 11,12,15- THETA and 15-H-11,14-EETA and test the hypothesis that the co-release of K enhances the relaxations to the THETA and HEETA; 3. Characterize the biosynthetic pathway(s) for 15-H-11,14- EETA and 11,12,15-THETA synthesis and metabolism in aorta, SMCs and ECs; and 4. Investigate the age-dependent changes in the THETA and HEETA synthesis and changes in blood pressure in response to LO inhibition and test the hypothesis that endogenous LO metabolites are important regulators of blood pressure in young rabbits.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Vascular Cell and Molecular Biology Study Section (VCMB)
Program Officer
Goldman, Stephen
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Medical College of Wisconsin
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Siangjong, L; Goldman, D H; Kriska, T et al. (2017) Vascular hepoxilin and trioxilins mediate vasorelaxation through TP receptor inhibition in mouse arteries. Acta Physiol (Oxf) 219:188-201
Kriska, Tamas; Cepura, Cody; Gauthier, Kathryn M et al. (2014) Role of macrophage PPAR? in experimental hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 306:H26-32
Kriska, Tamas; Cepura, Cody; Siangjong, Lawan et al. (2013) Effect of human 15-lipoxygenase-1 metabolites on vascular function in mouse mesenteric arteries and hearts. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat 106:8-15
Siangjong, Lawan; Gauthier, Kathryn M; Pfister, Sandra L et al. (2013) Endothelial 12(S)-HETE vasorelaxation is mediated by thromboxane receptor inhibition in mouse mesenteric arteries. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 304:H382-92
Campbell, William B; Gauthier, Kathryn M (2013) Inducible endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor: role of the 15-lipoxygenase-EDHF pathway. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 61:176-87
Kriska, Tamas; Cepura, Cody; Magier, Devora et al. (2012) Mice lacking macrophage 12/15-lipoxygenase are resistant to experimental hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 302:H2428-38
Aggarwal, Nitin T; Gauthier, Kathryn M; Campbell, William B (2012) Endothelial nitric oxide and 15-lipoxygenase-1 metabolites independently mediate relaxation of the rabbit aorta. Vascul Pharmacol 56:106-12
Pfister, Sandra L; Nithipatikom, Kasem; Campbell, William B (2011) Role of superoxide and thromboxane receptors in acute angiotensin II-induced vasoconstriction of rabbit vessels. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 300:H2064-71
Gauthier, Kathryn M; Goldman, Daniel H; Aggarwal, Nitin T et al. (2011) Role of arachidonic acid lipoxygenase metabolites in acetylcholine-induced relaxations of mouse arteries. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 300:H725-35
Pfister, Sandra L; Gauthier, Kathryn M; Campbell, William B (2010) Vascular pharmacology of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. Adv Pharmacol 60:27-59

Showing the most recent 10 out of 15 publications