Thrombin generated by the prothrombinase complex contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of common clinical disorders such as myocardial infarction, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and stroke. The prothrombinase complex consists of the enzyme factor Xa, the cofactor factor Va and a phospholipid membrane surface. The interaction of factor Va with platelet membranes requires expressionof phosphatidylserine (PS) on the surface of activated platelets or endothelial cells. The long-term goal of this project is to use integrated molecular, structural and biophysical approaches to understand the interaction of factor Va with biological membranes. A membrane binding site was localized to the factor V C2 domain and the structures of two crystal forms of this domain have been elucidated. These structures have suggested a working model for the interaction of factor Va with phospholipid membranes that includes:(1) immersion of exposed hydrophobic residues in the apolar membrane core; (2) stereospecific interactions with PS head groups and (3) favorable electrostatic contacts of basic side chains with negatively charged membrane phosphate groups. Several aspects of this model have been validated. The indole side chains of two tryptophans located on a mobile solvent exposed loop within the C2 domain insert into the membrane bilayer and are required for high affinity membrane binding. Tyrosine and leucine residues located in an analogous location within the homologous factor V C1 domain play a role in binding to membranes containing low concentrations of PS. The goals of the present study are to validate and refine our working model for the association of factor Va with biological membranes.
The specific aims of the present proposal are to define the PS specificity pocket(s) and membrane binding sites within the factor V C1 and C2 domains and to determine their contribution to prothrombinase assembly on both phospholipid vesicles and cellular membranes. Binding sites will be defined using recombinant factor Va mutants, recombinant light chain domains, scFv antibodies and soluble phospholipid analogues. Binding interactions will be characterized using quantitative fluorescence binding assays and functional prothrombinase assays. We hypothesize that complex interactions between factor Va and PS containing membranes allow for the fine regulation of the prothrombinase complex. The proposed experiments could lead to novel targets for anti-thrombotic therapy. PERFORMANCE'SITE(S) (organization, city,.state) Duke University, Durham, North Carolina PHS 398 (Rev. 09/04) Page 2 Form Page 2 Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, First, Middle): Kane, William H. KEY PERSONNEL. See instructions. Use continuation pages as needed to provide the required information in the format shown below. Start with Principal Investigator.List all other key personnel in alphabetical order, last name first. Name eRA Commons User Name Organization Role on Project Kane, William H. Duke University PI Kenan, Daniel J. Duke University Co-investigator OTHER SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTORS Name Fuentes-Prior, Pablo Hayward, Catherine Hoffman, Maureane R. Lentz, Barry Organization Role on Project Institut de Biologia Molecular, Consultant Barcelona McMaster University, Ontario Consultant Duke University Consultant University of North Carolina, Consultant Chapel Hill Human Embryonic Stem Cells ^ No Q Yes If the proposed project involves human embryonic stem cells, list below the registration number of the specific cell line(s) from the following list: http://8temcells.nih.qov/registrv/index.asp. Usecontinuation pages as needed. If a specific line cannot be referenced at this time, include a statement that one from the Registrywill be used. Cell Line Disclosure PermissionStatement. Applicable to SBIR/STTROnly. SeeSBIR/STTR instructions. I I Yes I I No PHS 398 (Rev.09/04) Page Form Page 2-continued Number the following pages consecutively throughout the application. Do not use suffixes such as 4a, 4b. Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, First, Middle): The name of the principal investigator/program director must be provided at the top of each printed page and each continuation page. RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page 1 Description,

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
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Hemostasis and Thrombosis Study Section (HT)
Program Officer
Link, Rebecca P
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Duke University
Internal Medicine/Medicine
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United States
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Srivasatava, Kinshuk Raj; Majumder, Rinku; Kane, William H et al. (2014) Phosphatidylserine and FVa regulate FXa structure. Biochem J 459:229-39
Majumder, Rinku; Liang, Xiaoe; Quinn-Allen, Mary Ann et al. (2011) Modulation of prothrombinase assembly and activity by phosphatidylethanolamine. J Biol Chem 286:35535-42
Majumder, Rinku; Quinn-Allen, Mary Ann; Kane, William H et al. (2008) A phosphatidylserine binding site in factor Va C1 domain regulates both assembly and activity of the prothrombinase complex. Blood 112:2795-802
Jeimy, Samira B; Quinn-Allen, Mary Ann; Fuller, Nola et al. (2008) Location of the multimerin 1 binding site in coagulation factor V: an update. Thromb Res 123:352-4
Peng, W; Quinn-Allen, M A; Kane, W H (2005) Mutation of hydrophobic residues in the factor Va C1 and C2 domains blocks membrane-dependent prothrombin activation. J Thromb Haemost 3:351-4
Majumder, Rinku; Quinn-Allen, Mary Ann; Kane, William H et al. (2005) The phosphatidylserine binding site of the factor Va C2 domain accounts for membrane binding but does not contribute to the assembly or activity of a human factor Xa-factor Va complex. Biochemistry 44:711-8
Saleh, Mahasen; Peng, Weimin; Quinn-Allen, Mary Ann et al. (2004) The factor V C1 domain is involved in membrane binding: identification of functionally important amino acid residues within the C1 domain of factor V using alanine scanning mutagenesis. Thromb Haemost 91:16-27
Peng, Weimin; Quinn-Allen, Mary Ann; Kim, Suhng Wook et al. (2004) Trp2063 and Trp2064 in the factor Va C2 domain are required for high-affinity binding to phospholipid membranes but not for assembly of the prothrombinase complex. Biochemistry 43:4385-93
Hayward, Catherine P M; Fuller, Nola; Zheng, Shilun et al. (2004) Human platelets contain forms of factor V in disulfide-linkage with multimerin. Thromb Haemost 92:1349-57
Jeimy, Samira B; Woram, Rachael A; Fuller, Nola et al. (2004) Identification of the MMRN1 binding region within the C2 domain of human factor V. J Biol Chem 279:51466-71

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