The long term objective of this proposal is to determine the influence of the mechanical and chemical environment of the endothelium on the transport properties of this barrier that controls the flux of materials between blood and tissue.
The specific aims of the proposed research are: 1. To develop methods for reducing endothelial permeability to LDL under physiological (pressurized) conditions. We will test the hypothesis that apoptosis and mitosis rates dictate endothelial permeability to LDL under physiological (pressurized) conditions using in vitro models of the endothelial tranpsort barrier. We will reduce rates of endothelial cell apoptosis and mitosis pharmacologically and determine the effect of these manipulations on endothelial monolayer permeability to LDL under pressure. 2. To determine the influence of smooth muscle cells on the transport properties of the endothelium. We will test the hypothesis that paracrine interactions between smooth muscle cells (SMC) and endothelial cells (EC) affect the transport characteristics of the endothelium. We will co-culture bovine aortic endothelial cells on the surface of a collagen gel laden with smooth muscle cells and measure transport properties under static and shear stress conditions. We will explore mechanisms mediating the EC/SMC interactions by quantifying intercellular junction proteins in ECs and Ang-1, VEGF and TGF-b1 gene expression in SMCs. 3. To determine the role of the glycocalyx in transducing fluid shear stress stimuli into responses of the EC transport barrier. Using in vitro models, we will investigate the hypothesis that the EC glycocalyx is the mechanosensor/transducer that initiates alterations in EC transport properties. This will be accomplished by digesting specific components of the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) surface layer with enzymes and determining the influence on shear-induced EC transport properties, and by using a chimeric syndecan-1 protein that has its cytoplasmic tail deleted to study mechanotransduction by the dominant proteoglycan on the EC surface. .

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
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Bioengineering, Technology and Surgical Sciences Study Section (BTSS)
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Sarkar, Rita
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City College of New York
Engineering (All Types)
Schools of Engineering
New York
United States
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Mathura, Rishi A; Russell-Puleri, Sparkle; Cancel, Limary M et al. (2016) Hydraulic Conductivity of Smooth Muscle Cell-Initiated Arterial Cocultures. Ann Biomed Eng 44:1721-33
Tarbell, John M; Shi, Zhong-Dong; Dunn, Jessilyn et al. (2014) Fluid Mechanics, Arterial Disease, and Gene Expression. Annu Rev Fluid Mech 46:591-614
Ebong, Eno E; Lopez-Quintero, Sandra V; Rizzo, Victor et al. (2014) Shear-induced endothelial NOS activation and remodeling via heparan sulfate, glypican-1, and syndecan-1. Integr Biol (Camb) 6:338-47
Mathura, Rishi A; Russell-Puleri, Sparkle; Cancel, Limary M et al. (2014) Hydraulic conductivity of endothelial cell-initiated arterial cocultures. Ann Biomed Eng 42:763-75
Kang, Hongyan; Cancel, Limary M; Tarbell, John M (2014) Effect of shear stress on water and LDL transport through cultured endothelial cell monolayers. Atherosclerosis 233:682-90
Qazi, Henry; Palomino, Rocio; Shi, Zhong-Dong et al. (2013) Cancer cell glycocalyx mediates mechanotransduction and flow-regulated invasion. Integr Biol (Camb) 5:1334-43
Qazi, Henry; Shi, Zhong-Dong; Tarbell, John M (2011) Fluid shear stress regulates the invasive potential of glioma cells via modulation of migratory activity and matrix metalloproteinase expression. PLoS One 6:e20348
Shi, Zhong-Dong; Wang, Hui; Tarbell, John M (2011) Heparan sulfate proteoglycans mediate interstitial flow mechanotransduction regulating MMP-13 expression and cell motility via FAK-ERK in 3D collagen. PLoS One 6:e15956
Ebong, Eno E; Macaluso, Frank P; Spray, David C et al. (2011) Imaging the endothelial glycocalyx in vitro by rapid freezing/freeze substitution transmission electron microscopy. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 31:1908-15
Giantsos-Adams, Kristina; Lopez-Quintero, Veronica; Kopeckova, Pavla et al. (2011) Study of the therapeutic benefit of cationic copolymer administration to vascular endothelium under mechanical stress. Biomaterials 32:288-94

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