Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an important signaling molecule with potent cytoprotective actions in cardiovascular systems. Current results indicate that modulation of H2S levels could have potential therapeutic value for a number of disease states such as vasodilation, anti-inflammation, and anti-oxidation. However, the exact mechanisms of action are still unclear and the actual H2S concentration/flux needed to exhibit the optimal protection in those disease models are to be determined. This lack of knowledge presents a major burden in the development of H2S based therapy. To solve this problem, research tools that can effectively detect H2S and specifically supply/remove H2S in biological samples are needed. In this application we plan to develop highly sensitive fluorescent probes for H2S detection. We will also develop novel H2S releasing agents and scavenging agents. The new chemicals will be used to determine the optimal H2S profiles for cardioprotection in models of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury and heart failure. This study will establish useful protocols guiding the development of H2S therapy.
The fields of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) physiology and pharmacology have been rapidly growing in recent years, but a number of fundamental issues must be addressed to advance our understanding of the biology and clinical potential of H2S in the future. In this project, we plan to develop highly sensitive fluorescent sensors for the detection of H2S, highly specific donors to supply H2S and effective scavengers to remove H2S under pathological conditions. These novel chemicals will be used to understand the effects of H2S in cardioprotection. We expect these studies will have great impact on the development of H2S-based therapy for heart diseases.