The long-term objective of this research program is to increase understanding of neurobiological systems involved in regulating the storage of information in the brain.
The specific aims are to investigate 1) the involvement of amygdala nuclei in mediating hormone and drug influences on memory storage; 2) the influence of training, drug and hormone administration on the release of norepinephrine (NE) and acetylcholine (ACh) in the amygdala; and 3) the interaction of the amygdala with other brain regions in modulating memory storage. A first set of experiments will determine whether lesions of the central (CE) or basolateral nucleus (BLA) of the amygdala block adrenergic, opiate, GABAergic and cholinergic influences on memory storage. The experiments will also examine the effects, on memory, of infusions of drugs affecting these systems administered posttraining into the CE or BLA. A second series of experiments will use in vitro microdialysis and high-performance liquid chromatography to examine the release of NE and ACh in the amygdala induced by training and by drugs affecting adrenergic, opiate, GABAergic cholinergic and glucocorticoid systems. A third set of experiments will determine whether lesions of the CE or BLA or drug infusions administered into these amygdala nuclei alter the memory-modulating effects of drugs infused into the striatum, hippocampus or medial septum. The experiments will also determine whether temporary impairment of hippocampal and striatal functioning blocks the modulating effects of drugs infused into the BLA or CE posttraining. The findings of these experiments will significantly increase our understanding of the influences of drugs and hormones on memory storage as well as the role of amygdala nuclei in modulating memory storage. Additionally, the findings should contribute to our knowledge of disorders of learning and memory resulting from damage to hormonal and brain systems and influence the development of therapeutic strategies for the treatment of disorders of learning and memory.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Research Project (R01)
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Cognitive Functional Neuroscience Review Committee (CFN)
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Winsky, Lois M
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University of California Irvine
Other Basic Sciences
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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