This investigation is designed to increase our understanding of the linked development of family and peer relationships from early to mid-adolescence as these in turn predict adaptive and maladaptive psychosocial functioning. Family and peer relationships are conceptualized in terms of adolescents' progress in the developmental tasks of establishing autonomy in social relationships while maintaining and developing attachment and affiliative bonds. An intensive, longitudinal, observation, and multi-reporter design is used to pursue three conceptually-bounded studies. Study 1: Normative Development of Peer Relationships, assesses development over time in autonomy and attached affiliative processes in peer relationships, considering linkages between these two processes. Study 2: Family Interactions as Predictors of Peer Relationships, considers ways in which autonomy and attachment processes in adolescent-parent interactions set the stage for the emergence of similar processes (e.g., resistance to peer pressure and formation of supportive friendships) in developing peer relationships. Study 3: Sequelae of Developing Peer Relationships, considers ways in which important aspects of adolescent psychosocial functioning (e.g., depressive symptoms, externalizing behavior problems, changing relationships with parents, and sexual risk-taking) can be understood as outcomes of developing peer relations. This investigation will address these questions using intensive, observational and multi- reporter data from a socio-demographically heterogeneous sample of 172 families with early adolescents, along with three peers of these adolescents who will be assessed in for waves spaced annually. Assessments will included attachment interviews, and observation and interview sessions with parents, adolescents, and peers. Important socio-demographic factors that may influence the development of peer relationships are also incorporated into models as appropriate. This investigation is designed to yield information that can inform: (a) remedial and preventative psychosocial interventions targeting peer influences; (b) efforts to assess social functioning in adolescence; and (c) efforts to understand the development of critical social relationships across the lifespan as these are linked to psychosocial functioning.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Research Project (R01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-BRB-K (12))
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Delcarmen-Wiggins, Rebecca
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University of Virginia
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Allen, Joseph P; Grande, Leah; Tan, Joseph et al. (2018) Parent and Peer Predictors of Change in Attachment Security From Adolescence to Adulthood. Child Dev 89:1120-1132
Loeb, Emily L; Tan, Joseph S; Hessel, Elenda T et al. (2018) Getting What You Expect: Negative Social Expectations in Early Adolescence Predict Hostile Romantic Partnerships and Friendships Into Adulthood. J Early Adolesc 38:475-496
Kansky, Jessica; Allen, Joseph P (2018) Long-Term Risks and Possible Benefits Associated with Late Adolescent Romantic Relationship Quality. J Youth Adolesc 47:1531-1544
Kansky, Jessica; Allen, Joseph P (2018) Making Sense and Moving On: The Potential for Individual and Interpersonal Growth Following Emerging Adult Breakups. Emerg Adulthood 6:172-190
Allen, Joseph P; Loeb, Emily L; Tan, Joseph S et al. (2018) The body remembers: Adolescent conflict struggles predict adult interleukin-6 levels. Dev Psychopathol 30:1435-1445
Szwedo, David E; Hessel, Elenda T; Allen, Joseph P (2017) Supportive Romantic Relationships as Predictors of Resilience Against Early Adolescent Maternal Negativity. J Youth Adolesc 46:454-465
Mikami, Amori Yee; Ruzek, Erik A; Hafen, Christopher A et al. (2017) Perceptions of Relatedness with Classroom Peers Promote Adolescents' Behavioral Engagement and Achievement in Secondary School. J Youth Adolesc 46:2341-2354
Brown, Casey L; Beckes, Lane; Allen, Joseph P et al. (2017) Subjective General Health and the Social Regulation of Hypothalamic Activity. Psychosom Med 79:670-673
Pace, Emma J; Somerville, Nicholas J; Enyioha, Chineme et al. (2017) Effects of a Brief Psychosocial Intervention on Inpatient Satisfaction: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Fam Med 49:675-678
Gregory, A; Ruzek, E; Hafen, C A et al. (2017) My Teaching Partner-Secondary: A video-based coaching model. Theory Pract 56:38-45

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