More than 1.3 million Americans will be diagnosed with cancer in 2004. Despite continuing improvements in treatment and prolonged survival, more than half a million Americans will die as a result of cancer. Cancer accounts for one quarter of all deaths in the United States. As the baby boom generation reaches old age in the next several decades, cancer is likely to become the leading cause of death in the United States. Because lifestyle and environmental influences account for a substantial portion of the cancer burden, the importance of efforts in cancer prevention and control is increasingly recognized. Changes in behavior (e.g., reduced smoking, increased screening) are seen to be important contributors to the recent modest decline in cancer rates. Clearly increased efforts to address behavioral factors in cancer prevention and control are warranted. The importance of biopsychosocial and behavioral factors in cancer prevention and control has been highlighted by the National Cancer Institute, as well as outside expert panels. Blue ribbon reports have emphasized the need for new efforts in biopsychosocial research (i.e., the interactions among: biological, psychological, and social processes in cancer etiology, response to treatment, and progression), as well as research initiatives in basic behavioral and social research aimed at increasing our understanding of the mechanisms of behavioral change (e.g., smoking) from the individual level (e.g., risk perception) to the group (e.g., family influences) and society (e.g., social class) levels. These reports also noted the critical need to develop a cadre of highly trained research scientists with the necessary interdisciplinary skills to effectively and efficiently address these complex issues. The goal of the proposed training program is to foster the development of such researchers through a broadly based, multidisciplinary, two year Postdoctoral Training Program in Cancer Prevention and Control, with an emphasis on biobehavioral issues. Trainees will have: an advanced degree in Psychology, Public Health, Medicine, or a related discipline, have demonstrated research abilities, and shown a strong commitment to a career in Cancer Prevention and Control research. The Training Program will include required coursework, as well as direct tutelage in conducting research by an experienced federally funded Mentor in Cancer Prevention and Control and Co-Mentor(s) from different disciplines according to an individualized training plan. Formal didactic training will include a specialized curriculum of formal course work, as well as additional course work as needed to meet the individual training goals of each Trainee, with the guidance of the mentoring team and an Advisory Committee of senior researchers.
Specific Aim 1. To provide postgraduate trainees with a multidisciplinary specialized curriculum for education in Cancer Prevention and Control that integrates, behavioral, biological, medical, and community perspectives.
Specific Aim 2. To teach postgraduate trainees interdisciplinary research approaches in Cancer Prevention and Control through hands-on participation in ongoing federally-funded research programs involving multidisciplinary collaboration among the training faculty.
Specific Aim 3. To foster the development of independent research careers in Cancer Prevention and Control among trainees through both formal instruction and direct experience with writing research papers and grants, with the guidance of their research mentors.
|McDonnell, Glynnis A; Sucala, Madalina; Goldsmith, Rachel E et al. (2017) Cancer Victim Identity for Individuals with Histories of Cancer and Childhood Sexual Abuse. J Ration Emot Cogn Behav Ther 35:402-412|
|Alcaraz, Kassandra I; Sly, Jamilia; Ashing, Kimlin et al. (2017) The ConNECT Framework: a model for advancing behavioral medicine science and practice to foster health equity. J Behav Med 40:23-38|
|Pelto, Debra J; Sadler, Georgia Robins; Njoku, Ogo et al. (2016) Adaptation of a Cancer Clinical Trials Education Program for African American and Latina/o Community Members. Health Educ Behav 43:381-8|
|Santiago-Rivas, Marimer; Schnur, Julie B; Jandorf, Lina (2016) Sun Protection Belief Clusters: Analysis of Amazon Mechanical Turk Data. J Cancer Educ 31:673-678|
|Santiago-Rivas, Marimer; Velicer, Wayne F; Redding, Colleen (2015) Mediation analysis of decisional balance, sun avoidance and sunscreen use in the precontemplation and preparation stages for sun protection. Psychol Health 30:1433-49|
|Sussner, Katarina M; Edwards, Tiffany; Villagra, Cristina et al. (2015) BRCA genetic counseling among at-risk Latinas in New York City: new beliefs shape new generation. J Genet Couns 24:134-48|
|Shen, Megan Johnson; Nelson, Christian J; Peters, Ellen et al. (2015) Decision-making Processes among Prostate Cancer Survivors with Rising PSA Levels: Results from a Qualitative Analysis. Med Decis Making 35:477-86|
|Pelto, Debra J; Sly, Jamilia R; Winkel, Gary et al. (2015) Predicting Colonoscopy Completion Among African American and Latino/a Participants in a Patient Navigation Program. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2:101-11|
|Miller, Sarah J; Iztkowitz, Steven H; Redd, William H et al. (2015) Colonoscopy-specific fears in African Americans and Hispanics. Behav Med 41:41-8|
|Miller, Sarah J; Sly, Jamilia R; Itzkowitz, Steven H et al. (2015) Racial/Ethnic Minorities Ineligible for Direct Access Colonoscopy (DAC): Identifying Patients Who Fall Through the Cracks. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2:86-92|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 79 publications