The most general goal of this project, ever since its inception in 1972, has been to gather the structural data for realistic """"""""molecular movies"""""""" of virus assembly, entry, and uncoating. In so doing, we seek to establish mechanisms for quite general processes, such as membrane fusion and perforation, as well as to lay the groundwork for discovering novel classes of antiviral therapeutics and for designing new vaccines. During the three-and-one-half years covered by this Progress Report, we have combined x-ray crystallography with electron cryo-microscopy (cryoEM) to analyze the organization of reovirus and rotavirus particles and to study the conformational changes in their penetration proteins (u1 and VP5*, respectively) that lead to membrane perforation and translocation into the cytoplasm. We have determined the structure of the rotavirus dsRNA-dependent RNA polymerase, VP1, and compared it with the related polymerase from reovirus. We are engaged in an on-going effort to advance the resolution of cryoEM-generated 3-D image reconstructions of human papillomavirus-like particles (HPV VLPs). We have also analyzed the conformational states of the SARS coronavirus spike protein and determined the structure of its receptor- binding domain bound with a soluble form of its receptor (ACE2). In the coming period, we aim to complete the HPV VLP effort;to reconstitute a full atomic model of the rotavirus particle, by combining cryoEM and x- ray structures;to study the molecular mechanism of rotavirus budding and maturation in the ER;to build upon current results to work out a full picture of reovirus penetration;to do likewise for rotavirus;and to continue work on viral polymerases, by initiating structural studies of vesicular stomatitis virus RNA- dependent RNA polymerase.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Method to Extend Research in Time (MERIT) Award (R37)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (NSS)
Program Officer
Knowlton, John R
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Children's Hospital Boston
United States
Zip Code
Salgado, Eric N; Garcia Rodriguez, Brian; Narayanaswamy, Nagarjun et al. (2018) Visualization of Calcium Ion Loss from Rotavirus during Cell Entry. J Virol 92:
Chao, Luke H; Jang, Jaebong; Johnson, Adam et al. (2018) How small-molecule inhibitors of dengue-virus infection interfere with viral membrane fusion. Elife 7:
Harrison, Stephen C (2017) Protein tentacles. J Struct Biol 200:244-247
Kim, Irene S; Jenni, Simon; Stanifer, Megan L et al. (2017) Mechanism of membrane fusion induced by vesicular stomatitis virus G protein. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:E28-E36
Salgado, Eric N; Upadhyayula, Srigokul; Harrison, Stephen C (2017) Single-particle detection of transcription following rotavirus entry. J Virol :
Harrison, Stephen C (2015) Viral membrane fusion. Virology 479-480:498-507
Mahmutovic, Selma; Clark, Lars; Levis, Silvana C et al. (2015) Molecular Basis for Antibody-Mediated Neutralization of New World Hemorrhagic Fever Mammarenaviruses. Cell Host Microbe 18:705-13
Abdelhakim, Aliaa H; Salgado, Eric N; Fu, Xiaofeng et al. (2014) Structural correlates of rotavirus cell entry. PLoS Pathog 10:e1004355
Chao, Luke H; Klein, Daryl E; Schmidt, Aaron G et al. (2014) Sequential conformational rearrangements in flavivirus membrane fusion. Elife 3:e04389
Estrozi, Leandro F; Settembre, Ethan C; Goret, Gaƫl et al. (2013) Location of the dsRNA-dependent polymerase, VP1, in rotavirus particles. J Mol Biol 425:124-32

Showing the most recent 10 out of 61 publications