The events of September 11th, the subsequent fatal anthrax attacks, and the epidemic of sever acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002-3 exemplified the potential for loss of life, major social disruption, and economic losses that can follow the introduction of a transmissible disease in a susceptible population. The identification of cases of H5N1 influenza, both in birds and subsequently in humans underscores the importance of the development of rigorous methods in infectious disease epidemiology, surveillance, monitoring and modeling. Although neither the SARS coronavirus nor H5N1 influenza were deliberately introduced, they share many characteristics of potential bioterrorist agents, and many of the contingency plans developed for dealing with biological attacks received their first tests in the SARS epidemic. The goal of the Harvard School of Public Health's Interdisciplinary Program in Infectious Disease Epidemiology (IPIDE) through this resubmission of our competing continuation is to train 4 pre-doctoral candidates in epidemiologic research methods through two years of formal didactic classroom training at the Harvard School of Public Health, which includes courses from a new concentration in infectious disease epidemiology and biodefense (www.hsDh.harvard.edu/ideDi/) and two years of research under close supervision of our 21 program faculty members, leading to either a DS, or PHD. Given the increase in the courses offered biodefense, students can take a total of 17.5 credits in courses that directly deal with biodefense epidemiology, almost twice the number of credits necessary to allow students to choose biodefense as a concentration within biostatistics epidemiology. Program faculty include internationally recognized investigators in the fields of virology, epidemiology, immunology and biostatistics. Harvard's IPIDE has been running successfully for 10 years, and this training grant has helped develop and launch a new cadre of independent investigators with infectious disease epidemiologic training linking basic and applied research into the detection and prevention of emerging infectious diseases. A cumulative total of 18 students have been supported;nine have graduated;they have published 186 peer-reviewed manuscripts. For the current submission, we are proposing to support 4 pre-doctorial students over the next five year project period.

Public Health Relevance

This training grant supports the training of doctorial students develop rigorous methods in infectious disease epidemiology, surveillance, monitoring and modeling so that they will be able to prevent and detect outbreaks of emerging epidemics.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
5T32AI007535-15
Application #
8450105
Study Section
Microbiology and Infectious Diseases B Subcommittee (MID)
Program Officer
Robbins, Christiane M
Project Start
1998-09-30
Project End
2014-05-31
Budget Start
2013-06-01
Budget End
2014-05-31
Support Year
15
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$61,736
Indirect Cost
$8,714
Name
Harvard University
Department
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Type
Schools of Public Health
DUNS #
149617367
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02115
Oldenburg, Catherine E; Bor, Jacob; Harling, Guy et al. (2018) Impact of early antiretroviral therapy eligibility on HIV acquisition: household-level evidence from rural South Africa. AIDS 32:635-643
Mooring, Eric Q; Mitjà, Oriol; Murray, Megan B (2018) Spatial-temporal clustering analysis of yaws on Lihir Island, Papua New Guinea to enhance planning and implementation of eradication programs. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 12:e0006840
Oldenburg, Catherine E; Ortblad, Katrina F; Chanda, Michael M et al. (2018) Brief Report: Intimate Partner Violence and Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Among Female Sex Workers Newly Diagnosed With HIV in Zambia: A Prospective Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 79:435-439
Ortblad, Katrina F; Oldenburg, Catherine E (2018) Tailoring combination HIV prevention for female sex workers. Lancet HIV 5:e406-e407
Oldenburg, Catherine E; Perez-Brumer, Amaya G; Reisner, Sari L et al. (2018) Human rights protections and HIV prevalence among MSM who sell sex: Cross-country comparisons from a systematic review and meta-analysis. Glob Public Health 13:414-425
Ortblad, Katrina F; Bärnighausen, Till; Chimbindi, Natsayi et al. (2018) Predictors of male circumcision incidence in a traditionally non-circumcising South African population-based cohort. PLoS One 13:e0209172
Ortblad, Katrina F; Musoke, Daniel K; Ngabirano, Thomson et al. (2018) Female Sex Workers Often Incorrectly Interpret HIV Self-Test Results in Uganda. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 79:e42-e45
Ortblad, Katrina F; Harling, Guy; Chimbindi, Natsayi et al. (2018) Does incident circumcision lead to risk compensation? Evidence from a population cohort in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr :
Oldenburg, Catherine E; Chanda, Michael M; Ortblad, Katrina F et al. (2018) Effect of HIV self-testing on the number of sexual partners among female sex workers in Zambia. AIDS 32:645-652
Ortblad, Katrina F; Chanda, Michael M; Musoke, Daniel Kibuuka et al. (2018) Acceptability of HIV self-testing to support pre-exposure prophylaxis among female sex workers in Uganda and Zambia: results from two randomized controlled trials. BMC Infect Dis 18:503

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