This Institutional training grant is for training in the field of behavior genetics. The goals of behavior genetics are to elucidate the genetic and environmental components that regulate the development of individual differences in normal and abnormal behavior. Using multidisciplinary approaches, the genetic basis of human development and susceptibility to psychopathology and disease, can be investigated. The application of biometrical, statistical, and quantitative genetic techniques and the development of quantitative trait loci methods allow the mapping and identification of genes that regulate complex traits. Information from such analyses, along with neurochemical, neuropharmacologlcal, neurophysiologlcal, and molecular genetic studies, will provide an understanding of gene function related to health and behavior. The Institute for Behavioral Genetics (IBG) at the University of Colorado has actively pursued the goals of behavior genetics for over 40 years. Its faculty is distinguished and active in research. Major research projects are now in progress in both human and animal behavior genetics, including large scale national collaborative studies amassing DNA repositories and rich phenotypic data sets for studies of behavioral development and mental health. Facilities are available for genotype assay, including genome-wide assays, gene function and expression studies, and behavioral, biochemical, and neurophysiologlcal studies. Funds are requested to support 5 predoctoral and 1 postdoctoral trainee over a total period of 5 years. Predoctoral trainees receive doctorate degrees from a cooperating academic unit and certification in behavior genetics. Academic requirements in the training program include training in behavior genetics, quantitative and biometrical genetics, theoretical and computer-based statistics, molecular genetics, bioinformatics and genomics, responsible conduct of research, and courses on behavioral and clinical phenotypes. Additional requirements vary according to the degree granting academic unit. Research experience is an integral part of training. Postdoctoral trainees also pursue a formalized program that emphasizes individual research as well as competence in molecular and quantitative behavior genetics. Other activities In preparation for research careers in biobehavioral development Include: supervision of students and/or technicians, hosting of seminar speakers, guest lecturing, a weekly journal club, and mandatory attendance In a course on the responsible conduct of research.
This proposal is to train scientists who will be able to contribute significantly to our understanding of genetic contributions to human development and health. A better understanding of human developmental processes and susceptibility to developmental disorders and disease will contribute to the development and application of primary prevention and early intervention techniques to improve health and optimal development.
|Smith Watts, Ashley K; Friedman, Naomi P; Corley, Robin P et al. (2018) A Longitudinal and Multidimensional Examination of the Associations Between Temperament and Self-Restraint During Toddlerhood. Child Dev :|
|Woodward, Kerri E; Boeldt, Debra L; Corley, Robin P et al. (2018) Correlates of Positive Parenting Behaviors. Behav Genet :|
|Rhee, Soo Hyun; Friedman, Naomi P; Smith Watts, Ashley K et al. (2018) The Association Between Toddlerhood Self-Control and Later Externalizing Problems. Behav Genet 48:125-134|
|Demmitt, Brittany A; Corley, Robin P; Huibregtse, Brooke M et al. (2017) Genetic influences on the human oral microbiome. BMC Genomics 18:659|
|Johnson, Emma C; Border, Richard; Melroy-Greif, Whitney E et al. (2017) No Evidence That Schizophrenia Candidate Genes Are More Associated With Schizophrenia Than Noncandidate Genes. Biol Psychiatry 82:702-708|
|Johnson, Daniel P; Rhee, Soo Hyun; Friedman, Naomi P et al. (2016) A Twin Study Examining Rumination as a Transdiagnostic Correlate of Psychopathology. Clin Psychol Sci 4:971-987|
|Christopher, Micaela E; Keenan, Janice M; Hulslander, Jacqueline et al. (2016) The genetic and environmental etiologies of the relations between cognitive skills and components of reading ability. J Exp Psychol Gen 145:451-66|
|Leopold, Daniel R; Christopher, Micaela E; Burns, G Leonard et al. (2016) Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sluggish cognitive tempo throughout childhood: temporal invariance and stability from preschool through ninth grade. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 57:1066-74|
|Amat, Jose; Dolzani, Samuel D; Tilden, Scott et al. (2016) Previous Ketamine Produces an Enduring Blockade of Neurochemical and Behavioral Effects of Uncontrollable Stress. J Neurosci 36:153-61|
|Daw, Jonathan; Margolis, Rachel; Verdery, Ashton M (2015) Siblings, friends, course-mates, club-mates: how adolescent health behavior homophily varies by race, class, gender, and health status. Soc Sci Med 125:32-9|
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