This grant will continue funding for a successful, 35-year training program in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. The purpose of the program is to train behavioral and medical scientists to conduct interdisciplinary and translational research aimed at the prevention of CVD in communities. The training will be derived principally from direct research experience in an existing, excellent interdisciplinary research resource, the Stanford Prevention Research Center (SPRC), which includes community, policy, behavioral, and clinical research that totals $9 million annually. Current research includes studies examining a range of topics that include overweight/obesity and weight loss interventions (e.g., ethnic dance and screen time reduction in Latina girls;home-based nutrition intervention and play group exercise for low income Latinas;comparing case management environmental support in an under-served population;targeting overweight/obese adults with insomnia or asthma;comparing weight stabilization strategies) the built environment (e.g.,. neighborhood impact on physical activity in older adults;the effects of tobacco outlet density on teen smoking) as well as comparative treatments for smoking cessation, and improving physical activity assessment methodology through the use of new technologies. In addition, the SPRC is one of the clinical sites for the ongoing follow-up of the Women's Health Initiative. Working closely with 1-2 faculty, trainees develop an individual research project, join an ongoing research program for tailored training experiences, conduct data analyses, and publish 2-3 papers per year. Directed study, a weekly research seminar, regular career development seminars, participation in grant preparation, selected course attendance, and limited patient care and teaching round out the training. Physician trainees will enter a specific track that includes an optional 1-year MS degree in epidemiology or in clinical investigation. Trainee selection is based on interest in cardiovascular disease prevention, potential for an academic research career, and demonstrated excellence. We request eight postdoctoral positions for trainees who have either the M.D. or Ph.D. degree, or both. Of the 30 postdoctoral fellows completing training in the past 10 years (2001- 2010) 26 (87%) are currently in academic or other research positions;of the 39 postdoctoral trainees appointed in the past 10 years, 26 were women (67%) and 8 were under-represented minorities (21%;2 Hispanic, 5 African-American, 1 Native American). Six of the eight are in academic positions, and two are still in training here.
This grant will continue funding for a successful, 35-year training program in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. The purpose of the program is to train behavioral and medical scientists to conduct interdisciplinary and translational research aimed at the prevention of CVD in communities.
|Trepanowski, John F; Kroeger, Cynthia M; Barnosky, Adrienne et al. (2018) Effects of alternate-day fasting or daily calorie restriction on body composition, fat distribution, and circulating adipokines: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Clin Nutr 37:1871-1878|
|Lee, Joseph G L; Schleicher, Nina C; Leas, Eric C et al. (2018) US Food and Drug Administration Inspection of Tobacco Sales to Minors at Top Pharmacies, 2012-2017. JAMA Pediatr 172:1089-1090|
|Chrisinger, Benjamin W; Ramos, Ana; Shaykis, Fred et al. (2018) Leveraging Citizen Science for Healthier Food Environments: A Pilot Study to Evaluate Corner Stores in Camden, New Jersey. Front Public Health 6:89|
|Daza, Eric J (2018) Causal Analysis of Self-tracked Time Series Data Using a Counterfactual Framework for N-of-1 Trials. Methods Inf Med 57:e10-e21|
|Kiernan, Michaela; Oppezzo, Marily A; Resnicow, Kenneth et al. (2018) Effects of a methodological infographic on research participants' knowledge, transparency, and trust. Health Psychol 37:782-786|
|Epperson, Anna E; Prochaska, Judith J; Henriksen, Lisa (2018) The flip side of Natural American Spirit: corporate social responsibility advertising. Tob Control 27:355-356|
|Brown-Johnson, Cati G; Boeckman, Lindsay M; White, Ashley H et al. (2018) Trust in Health Information Sources: Survey Analysis of Variation by Sociodemographic and Tobacco Use Status in Oklahoma. JMIR Public Health Surveill 4:e8|
|Chrisinger, Benjamin W; Kallan, Michael J; Whiteman, Eliza D et al. (2018) Where do U.S. households purchase healthy foods? An analysis of food-at-home purchases across different types of retailers in a nationally representative dataset. Prev Med 112:15-22|
|Caputi, Theodore L; Leas, Eric C; Dredze, Mark et al. (2018) Online Sales of Marijuana: An Unrecognized Public Health Dilemma. Am J Prev Med 54:719-721|
|Benmarhnia, Tarik; Pierce, John P; Leas, Eric et al. (2018) Can E-Cigarettes and Pharmaceutical Aids Increase Smoking Cessation and Reduce Cigarette Consumption? Findings From a Nationally Representative Cohort of American Smokers. Am J Epidemiol 187:2397-2404|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 293 publications