The University of Mississippi Medical Center proposes to continue its participation as a Clinical Center in NIDDK's Gastroparesis Clinical Research Consortium. Our study team, headed by Thomas Abell, MD, a recognized expert in research and clinical experience in the area of gastroparesis, will now include as co- investigator Michael Griswold, PhD, an expert in biostatistics, and as collaborator Filip To, PhD, an expert in data automation, signal analysis, data fusion, and instrumentation, along with key members of our initial research team and two UMC collaborators from Surgery and Pathology, respectively. The multidisciplinary expertise provided by this team will further our ability to investigate the complex pathophysiological pathways and symptoms associated with gastroparesis. The UMMC Vice Chancellor for Health Affairs and the Associate Vice Chancellor for Research continue to provide strong support for and the resources necessary to conducting the Clinical Center's research. With respect to Consortium-wide contributions, UMMC is well positioned to increase the study population already enrolled in the Gastroparesis Registry through its Clinical Center. Approximately 1000 patients with gastroparesis annually seek their treatment at this site;over the past 5 years, we have evaluated new patients for the disorder, identifying on the average 300 new patients with gastroparesis each year. In addition to furthering Consortium-wide protocols, two new-efforts have been proposed for the present funding period at UMMC. The first is to assess and compare associations between presenting Gl symptoms, histological counts of interstitial cells of Cajal, and electrophysiology measures for patients with GP of diabetic and idiopathic etiology, as well as to compare ICC counts in these biopsy specimens with counts in gastric tissue specimens from controls. The second is to demonstrate that Gastric Electrical Stimulation (GES) can reduce Gl symptoms by at least 50% for individual patients, to assess the impact of temporary GES on gastric emptying times, EGG values, neuro-hormonal and autonomic status markers, and HRQOL measures, and to evaluate EGG values at varied GES energy levels in predicting likely usefulness with GES.

Public Health Relevance

In 2004, over 10,000 patients were hospitalized in the U.S. with gastroparesis, a devastating disease mainly seen in younger women, as a primary diagnosis;for 134,000 further patients it was a secondary diagnosis. We propose to continue and extend the systematic, concerted approaches developed under initial funding to maintain and analyze long-term data, so as to determine reliable treatments that decrease the toll of GP.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
5U01DK074007-09
Application #
8730616
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDK1-GRB-8 (J2))
Program Officer
Hamilton, Frank A
Project Start
2006-04-15
Project End
2016-08-31
Budget Start
2014-09-01
Budget End
2015-08-31
Support Year
9
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$314,739
Indirect Cost
$101,577
Name
University of Louisville
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
057588857
City
Louisville
State
KY
Country
United States
Zip Code
40202
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Siraj, Elias S; Homko, Carol; Wilson, Laura A et al. (2018) Islet Cell Associated Autoantibodies and C-Peptide Levels in Patients with Diabetes and Symptoms of Gastroparesis. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 9:32
Orthey, Perry; Yu, Daohai; Van Natta, Mark L et al. (2018) Intragastric Meal Distribution During Gastric Emptying Scintigraphy for Assessment of Fundic Accommodation: Correlation with Symptoms of Gastroparesis. J Nucl Med 59:691-697
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Gibbons, Simon J; Grover, Madhusudan; Choi, Kyoung Moo et al. (2017) Repeat polymorphisms in the Homo sapiens heme oxygenase-1 gene in diabetic and idiopathic gastroparesis. PLoS One 12:e0187772
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Koch, K L; Hasler, W L; Yates, K P et al. (2016) Baseline features and differences in 48 week clinical outcomes in patients with gastroparesis and type 1 vs type 2 diabetes. Neurogastroenterol Motil 28:1001-15
Agrawal, Anubhav; Francis, Sean Lamar; Deveneau, Nicolette Elizabeth et al. (2016) Gastric Electrical Stimulation and Sacral Electrical Stimulation: A Long-Term Follow-Up Study of Dual-Device Treatment. Dig Dis Sci 61:176-80
Smith, Alison; Cacchione, Robert; Miller, Ed et al. (2016) Mini-laparotomy with Adjunctive Care versus Laparoscopy for Placement of Gastric Electrical Stimulation. Am Surg 82:337-42

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