The optimal treatment for chronic hepatitis B remains controversial. Published guidelines from several sources suggest initiating antiviral therapy, in general, when serum ALT activity is abnormal and when significant liver disease is present. These recommendations have largely been developed by balancing the likelihood of response as measured in short-term studies against the likelihood of developing viral resistance during extended therapy. However, these guidelines have never been prospectively evaluated to determine whether they truly represent the best strategy for selecting candidates for treatment. Furthermore, recent epidemiologic data indicate that the presence of high level HBV viremia itself is an important risk factor for subsequent cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, suggesting that rigid adherence to treatment guidelines may disadvantage many patients for whom long-term viral suppression may be beneficial. The current availability of multiple potent antiviral agents with good safety profiles and a seemingly low risk of resistance provide an opportunity to optimize strategies to treat chronic hepatitis B. This proposal will focus on the design of 1) a research database and specimen repository and 2) a collaborative multicenter trial to corroborate current treatment guidelines while comparing the long-term efficacy and safety of monotherapy vs. combination therapy. The study design will further refine the identification and management of hepatitis B viral resistance during extended therapy, and provide important information regarding the long-term outcomes associated with treatment. Our proposal to participate as a Clinical Center for this cooperative study will emphasize the experience, unique attributes, and patient population of the Liver Program at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, in collaboration with Duke University, and Carolinas Medical Center, which will ensure successful completion of these studies as a member of the Hepatitis B Clinical Research network.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDK1-GRB-G (O1))
Program Officer
Robuck, Patricia R
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
Chapel Hill
United States
Zip Code
Khalili, Mandana; Shuhart, Margaret C; Lombardero, Manuel et al. (2018) Relationship Between Metabolic Syndrome, Alanine Aminotransferase Levels, and Liver Disease Severity in a Multiethnic North American Cohort With Chronic Hepatitis B. Diabetes Care 41:1251-1259
Di Bisceglie, A M; Lombardero, M; Teckman, J et al. (2017) Determination of hepatitis B phenotype using biochemical and serological markers. J Viral Hepat 24:320-329
Saxena, Varun; Khungar, Vandana; Verna, Elizabeth C et al. (2017) Safety and efficacy of current direct-acting antiviral regimens in kidney and liver transplant recipients with hepatitis C: Results from the HCV-TARGET study. Hepatology 66:1090-1101
Hassan, Mohamed A; Kim, W Ray; Li, Ruosha et al. (2017) Characteristics of US-Born Versus Foreign-Born Americans of African Descent With Chronic Hepatitis B. Am J Epidemiol 186:356-366
Lok, A S; Ganova-Raeva, L; Cloonan, Y et al. (2017) Prevalence of hepatitis B antiviral drug resistance variants in North American patients with chronic hepatitis B not receiving antiviral treatment. J Viral Hepat 24:1032-1042
Schwarzenberg, Sarah Jane; Ling, Simon C; Cloonan, Yona Keich et al. (2017) Health-related Quality of Life in Pediatric Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B Living in the United States and Canada. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 64:760-769
Evon, Donna M; Wahed, Abdus S; Johnson, Geoffrey et al. (2016) Fatigue in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B Living in North America: Results from the Hepatitis B Research Network (HBRN). Dig Dis Sci 61:1186-96
Park, Jang-June; Wong, David K; Wahed, Abdus S et al. (2016) Hepatitis B Virus--Specific and Global T-Cell Dysfunction in Chronic Hepatitis B. Gastroenterology 150:684-695.e5
Schwarz, Kathleen B; Cloonan, Yona Keich; Ling, Simon C et al. (2015) Children with Chronic Hepatitis B in the United States and Canada. J Pediatr 167:1287-1294.e2
Ghany, Marc G; Perrillo, Robert; Li, Ruosha et al. (2015) Characteristics of adults in the hepatitis B research network in North America reflect their country of origin and hepatitis B virus genotype. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 13:183-92

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