The CALGB is comprised of 26 academic medical centers and over 200 affiliated community hospitals joined in the pursuit of improved cancer treatment and better understanding of tumor biology and cancer treatment outcomes via the conduct of controlled clinical trials. Over 4,000 members of the Group including oncology physicians, radiologists, pathologists, statisticians, clinical research associates, oncology nurses, pharmacists, health outcomes researchers, and basic scientists participate in these studies. From 25-30 phase III protocols are active at any one time, along with phase II and phase I studies that provide preliminary data required for the appropriate design of large scale randomized trials. Multidisciplinary disease committees of the Group design and implement protocols for the treatment of patients with leukemia, lymphoma, breast, respiratory, Gl and GU cancer. Modality committees, including Leukemia Correlative Sciences, Imaging, Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Surgery, Transplant, Cancer in the Elderly, Cancer Control and Health Outcomes, and Oncology Nursing provide expertise that enhances the contribution of these disciplines to CALGB studies. Scientific resources committees, including Clinical Research Associates, Pathology and Radiation Oncology, provide essential quality assurance and training activities for the Group. Major areas of emphasis in CALGB include development of innovative treatments for patients with cancer;studies of molecular predictors of prognosis and response to therapy;studies of the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and pharmacogenetics of new and established anticancer drugs;evaluation of minimally invasive surgical techniques and novel imaging technologies;determining the cost and cost-effectiveness of new cancer therapies;evaluating the impact of cancer and its treatment on the quality of life of cancer patients and their caregivers;developing new strategies for cancer prevention;and addressing the needs of special populations, particularly minorities and the elderly. A new core facility in cancer imaging was established to provide central review and archiving of PET and CT images and to set standards for image acquisition and transmission at CALGB institutions. Three new molecular reference laboratories are proposed in this application to provide biomarker assessments that are necessary to determine patient eligibility or treatment assignment in CALGB studies of targeted therapies. Three established biorepositories collect, archive and distribute frozen and paraffin-embedded solid tumor tissues, leukemia cells, plasma, serum, urine and DNA for correlative science studies.
CALGB is a national cancer clinical trials group that aims to develop improved cancer treatments, determine the patient subsets most likely to benefit from those treatments and understand the impact of cancer and its treatment on patients, their caregivers and society as a whole. CALGB has contributed to improvements in public health in a number of ways including conducting trials that have resulted in FDA approval of new drugs developing more effective chemotherapy regimens and identifying biological subsets of patients who are most likely to benefit or experience toxicity from specific cancer treatments. Through our work to individualize cancer treatment we also aim to reduce the costs of cancer care to individual patients and the healthcare system.
|Le-Petross, Huong T; McCall, Linda M; Hunt, Kelly K et al. (2018) Axillary Ultrasound Identifies Residual Nodal Disease After Chemotherapy: Results From the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z1071 Trial (Alliance). AJR Am J Roentgenol 210:669-676|
|Morrison, Vicki A; McCall, Linda; Muss, Hyman B et al. (2018) The impact of actual body weight-based chemotherapy dosing and body size on adverse events and outcome in older patients with breast cancer: Results from Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) trial 49907 (Alliance A151436). J Geriatr Oncol 9:228-234|
|Gravis, Gwenaelle; Boher, Jean-Marie; Chen, Yu-Hui et al. (2018) Burden of Metastatic Castrate Naive Prostate Cancer Patients, to Identify Men More Likely to Benefit from Early Docetaxel: Further Analyses of CHAARTED and GETUG-AFU15 Studies. Eur Urol 73:847-855|
|Van Blarigan, Erin L; Fuchs, Charles S; Niedzwiecki, Donna et al. (2018) Marine ?-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid and Fish Intake after Colon Cancer Diagnosis and Survival: CALGB 89803 (Alliance). Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 27:438-445|
|Innocenti, Federico; Jiang, Chen; Sibley, Alexander B et al. (2018) Genetic variation determines VEGF-A plasma levels in cancer patients. Sci Rep 8:16332|
|Parsons, J Kellogg; Pierce, John P; Mohler, James et al. (2018) Men's Eating and Living (MEAL) study (CALGB 70807 [Alliance]): recruitment feasibility and baseline demographics of a randomized trial of diet in men on active surveillance for prostate cancer. BJU Int 121:534-539|
|Eisfeld, Ann-Kathrin; Kohlschmidt, Jessica; Mrózek, Krzysztof et al. (2018) Mutation patterns identify adult patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia aged 60 years or older who respond favorably to standard chemotherapy: an analysis of Alliance studies. Leukemia 32:1338-1348|
|Haas, Naomi B; Manola, Judith; Dutcher, Janice P et al. (2017) Adjuvant Treatment for High-Risk Clear Cell Renal Cancer: Updated Results of a High-Risk Subset of the ASSURE Randomized Trial. JAMA Oncol 3:1249-1252|
|Doostan, Iman; Karakas, Cansu; Kohansal, Mehrnoosh et al. (2017) Cytoplasmic Cyclin E Mediates Resistance to Aromatase Inhibitors in Breast Cancer. Clin Cancer Res 23:7288-7300|
|Ellis, Matthew J; Suman, Vera J; Hoog, Jeremy et al. (2017) Ki67 Proliferation Index as a Tool for Chemotherapy Decisions During and After Neoadjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor Treatment of Breast Cancer: Results From the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z1031 Trial (Alliance). J Clin Oncol 35:1061-1069|
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