The Children's Oncology Group (COG) is the largest childhood cancer research organization in the world and encompasses 216 pediatric cancer programs with a mission to cure and prevent childhood and adolescent cancer through scientific discovery and compassionate care. The COG was formed from the merger of four legacy pediatric cooperative groups in 2000. The COG Community Clinical Oncology Program (CCOP) Research Base was funded in 2002 as a Treatment and Cancer Prevention and Control CCOP Research Base. The COG CCOP Research Base supports 19 CCOPs and 7 Minority-Based CCOPs for participation on innovative clinical and translational research studies for cancer treatment, prevention and control. The involvement of community-based pediatric oncologists and other health professionals in the research mission of the COG is pivotal. CCOPs provide an important mechanism to evaluate advanced treatments administered in community settings and broaden the population-base for protocol participation. The COG makes available to CCOPs/Minority-Based CCOPs current treatment protocols with access to investigational agents and special centralized reference laboratories, quality assurance infrastructure and statistical support, thus promoting high quality cancer care for young persons treated in community settings. The COG provides continuing training and support for CCOP personnel and ensures that all CCOPs maintain high quality assurance standards for membership, accrual, and institutional performance. COG conducts clinical trials to define optimal treatments for children and adolescents with cancer, with a focus on addressing the unique needs of children afflicted with cancer. The Cancer Control Committee develops studies that focus on identifying, preventing or ameliorating treatment-related sequelae and improving the quality of life for children and adolescents with cancer and their families.

Public Health Relevance

The mission of COG is to cure and prevent childhood and adolescent cancer and is unique in addressing their specific needs. The CCOPs affiliated with COG and its legacy groups have a significant impact on decreasing the burden of childhood cancer and its long-term effects on patients and their families.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Cooperative Clinical Research--Cooperative Agreements (U10)
Project #
2U10CA095861-11
Application #
8308774
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-SRLB-B (J1))
Program Officer
O'Mara, Ann M
Project Start
2002-09-20
Project End
2015-05-31
Budget Start
2012-07-24
Budget End
2013-05-31
Support Year
11
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$1,608,610
Indirect Cost
$88,212
Name
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Department
Type
DUNS #
073757627
City
Philadelphia
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
19104
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Landier, Wendy; Hageman, Lindsey; Chen, Yanjun et al. (2017) Mercaptopurine Ingestion Habits, Red Cell Thioguanine Nucleotide Levels, and Relapse Risk in Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Report From the Children's Oncology Group Study AALL03N1. J Clin Oncol 35:1730-1736
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