The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial is a two-arm randomized, community-level trial being conducted in five countries: China, India, Peru, Russia, and Zimbabwe. It is the first international test of a community-level prevention program based on the theory of diffusion of innovations utilizing Community Public Opinion Leaders (C-POLs). Based on a set of ethnographic studies conducted over 18 months and a series of epidemiological studies with over 9000 participants in the five countries, an assessment and the C-POL intervention have been culturally adapted, piloted and mounted in randomly chosen venues in each country. The intervention's efficacy in reducing self-reported behavioral risk with non-spousal partners and incident sexually transmitted diseases is being assessed based on a baseline, 12- and 24- month interviews and collection of biological specimens. After conducting the 24-month assessment, the intervention will be provided in the comparison venues. This proposal requests three years of funding to complete the randomized controlled trial in each site; the extended period is requested because of the extra time required at the initiation of the study to conduct multiple epidemiological and ethnographic studies to ensure cross-site comparability and within-site validity to all assessments, intervention, and data collection and reporting processes. The results of this trial should provide the first documentation and evaluation of the portability and adaptability of interventions cross-nationally and cross-culturally and is being designed and implemented to be realistic and feasible for replication and dissemination. In China, we have completed the baseline survey in 30 markets, mounted the intervention 15 intervention markets and have initiated reunion sessions across markets. The 12-month follow-up is in progress, reunion sessions are ongoing, and quality assurance and staff trainings are ongoing. We will initiate the 24 month follow-up next Fall and this will take 12 months (11/06). We will initiate the intervention in the control markets from 12/06-12/07. We will participate in publishing cross-site papers throughout the next three years.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Cooperative Clinical Research--Cooperative Agreements (U10)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-NRB-A (01))
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Gordon, Christopher M
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University of California Los Angeles
Other Domestic Higher Education
Los Angeles
United States
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Rice, Ronald E; Wu, Zunyou; Li, Li et al. (2012) Reducing STD/HIV stigmatizing attitudes through community popular opinion leaders in Chinese markets. Hum Commun Res 38:379-405
Wen, Yi; Lieber, Eli; Wan, Dai et al. (2011) A qualitative study about self-medication in the community among market vendors in Fuzhou, China. Health Soc Care Community 19:504-13
Detels, Roger; Green, Annette M; Klausner, Jeffrey D et al. (2011) The incidence and correlates of symptomatic and asymptomatic Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections in selected populations in five countries. Sex Transm Dis 38:503-9
Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Li, Li; Liang, Li-Jung et al. (2011) Attitudinal, behavioral, and biological outcomes of a community popular opinion leader intervention in China. AIDS Educ Prev 23:448-56
Gaydos, C A; Rizzo-Price, P A; Balakrishnan, P et al. (2011) Impact of international laboratory partnerships on the performance of HIV/sexually transmitted infection testing in five resource-constrained countries. Int J STD AIDS 22:645-52
Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Wu, Zunyou; Liang, Li-Jung et al. (2011) Reductions in sexually transmitted infections associated with popular opinion leaders in China in a randomised controlled trial. Sex Transm Infect 87:337-43
Celentano, David D; Mayer, Kenneth H; Pequegnat, Willo et al. (2010) Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Risk Behaviors from the NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial. Int J Sex Health 22:272-284
Lin, Chunqing; Li, Li; Wu, Zunyou et al. (2010) Entertainment Venue Visiting and Commercial Sex in China. Int J Sex Health 22:5-13
Li, Li; Liang, Li-Jung; Lin, Chunqing et al. (2010) HIV prevention intervention to reduce HIV-related stigma: evidence from China. AIDS 24:115-22
NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (2010) Results of the NIMH collaborative HIV/sexually transmitted disease prevention trial of a community popular opinion leader intervention. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 54:204-14

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