Our First Specific Aim further develops the concept that sequences of the membrane-active antibiotic Gramicidin S (GS) can be used to deliver biologically active payloads to mitochondria. Specifically, we will construct hybrid molecules with higher catalytic activity than 4-amino-Tempo linked JP4-039 and XJB-5-131. The Second Specific Aim provides molecules linked to NOS inhibitors such as AMT (GS-NOS-I), which will test the hypothesis of Project 1 that mitochondrial targeted small NOS inhibitors will be effective alone and when added to GS-nitroxides as radiation damage mitigators. The Third Specific Aim tests the hypothesis that additive and synergistic effects in radiation mitigation can be accomplished by nanoparticle conjugation of GS-nitroxide and GS-NOS-1 as well as other combination therapeutics. The Fourth Specific Aim will support Project 4 and provide proof-of-principle that hydrogen peroxide (H202) releasing small molecules can induce the formation of high molecular weight oligomers of human (rh)MnSOD with intact activity. This effect of H202 on MnSOD activity is likely due to the oligomerization-induced stabilization of the enzyme's structure. Therefore, it can be used as a protective strategy to replenish irradiation induced MnSOD deficiency. The Fifth Specific Aim is directed toward the synthesis of triphenylphosphonium (TPP)-derived oximes, nitroxides, salen-Mn and porphyrin-Mn complexes and thus employs a charge-driven delivery strategy of radioprotective agents to mitochondria. The Sixth Specific Aim is focused on the synthesis of general analogs of Project lead structures, the development of structure-activity relationships of all drug and lead candidates, and the gram-level scaleup of any other synthetic compounds in any ofthe Projects and non-synthetic Cores ofthe Pittsburgh CMCR. Specifically, Core D will optimize PUMA inhibitors in collaboration with Project 5, and optimize delivery systems in collaboration with Cores C and E.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Research Program--Cooperative Agreements (U19)
Project #
5U19AI068021-07
Application #
8317586
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2011-09-01
Budget End
2012-08-31
Support Year
7
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$241,001
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Pittsburgh
Department
Type
DUNS #
004514360
City
Pittsburgh
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
15213
Wang, Yi-Jun; Fletcher, Rochelle; Yu, Jian et al. (2018) Immunogenic effects of chemotherapy-induced tumor cell death. Genes Dis 5:194-203
Chen, Dongshi; Tong, Jingshan; Yang, Liheng et al. (2018) PUMA amplifies necroptosis signaling by activating cytosolic DNA sensors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:3930-3935
Chen, Dongshi; Ni, Hong-Min; Wang, Lei et al. (2018) PUMA induction mediates acetaminophen-induced necrosis and liver injury. Hepatology :
Chao, Honglu; Anthonymuthu, Tamil S; Kenny, Elizabeth M et al. (2018) Disentangling oxidation/hydrolysis reactions of brain mitochondrial cardiolipins in pathogenesis of traumatic injury. JCI Insight 3:
Steinman, Justin; Epperly, Michael; Hou, Wen et al. (2018) Improved Total-Body Irradiation Survival by Delivery of Two Radiation Mitigators that Target Distinct Cell Death Pathways. Radiat Res 189:68-83
Lou, Wenjia; Ting, Hsiu-Chi; Reynolds, Christian A et al. (2018) Genetic re-engineering of polyunsaturated phospholipid profile of Saccharomyces cerevisiae identifies a novel role for Cld1 in mitigating the effects of cardiolipin peroxidation. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids 1863:1354-1368
Anthonymuthu, Tamil S; Kenny, Elizabeth M; Lamade, Andrew M et al. (2018) Oxidized phospholipid signaling in traumatic brain injury. Free Radic Biol Med 124:493-503
Hassannia, Behrouz; Wiernicki, Bartosz; Ingold, Irina et al. (2018) Nano-targeted induction of dual ferroptotic mechanisms eradicates high-risk neuroblastoma. J Clin Invest 128:3341-3355
Conrad, Marcus; Kagan, Valerian E; Bayir, Hülya et al. (2018) Regulation of lipid peroxidation and ferroptosis in diverse species. Genes Dev 32:602-619
Stoyanovsky, Anastas D; Stoyanovsky, Detcho A (2018) 1-Oxo-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinium bromide converts ?-H N,N-dialkylhydroxylamines to nitrones via a two-electron oxidation mechanism. Sci Rep 8:15323

Showing the most recent 10 out of 203 publications