There is an urgent need for a diverse portfolio of new therapeutic and diagnostic targets for Alzheimer?s disease (AD). To hasten progress towards the national goal of developing an effective treatment for AD by 2025, the NIA has created several initiatives designed to identify new AD drug targets, including the Accelerating Medicine Partnership for AD (AMP-AD). Although promising, our understanding of most of the emerging therapeutic hypotheses and nominated targets is not yet sufficient to support their integration into drug discovery programs. Understanding that the amount of evidence required to support the integration of a target into a drug discovery pipeline would far surpass the expertise and capabilities of any one group, here we introduce the Open Drug Discovery Center for Alzheimer?s Disease (Open-AD). The past decade of activity has conclusively shown that the open science approach can be used to de-risk new therapeutic modalities, such as the ones emerging from AMP-AD, to catalyze biological validation of drug targets and to launch new commercial drug discovery programs. To reinvigorate the AD drug discovery pipeline with a diverse portfolio of well-supported next generation AD targets supported by evidence from across the research community, Open-AD will develop and openly disseminate resources (experimental tools, reagents, probes, knowledge, data) that can support target validation and drug discovery across a wide variety of independent evaluations.
In Aim 1, we will develop a prioritized set of community-nominated therapeutic hypotheses and targets.
In Aim 2, we will develop target enabling packages that include high-quality, well-validated reagents for use in target validation and drug discovery.
In Aim 3, we will develop chemical and biological probes.
In Aim 4, we will rapidly and openly distribute all Open-AD assets ? including probes ? to enable characterization and experimental validation of candidate drug targets by any interested academic and/or commercial investigator.
Alzheimer?s disease (AD) is a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder affecting more than 40 million people world-wide but for which we lack drugs to slow disease progression. AD drug development is limited by our poor understanding of the biology that causes this disease. Here we take an open approach to catalyze drug development by developing and openly distributing high-quality reagents for evaluation of a diverse set of next generation AD drug targets across the research community.