The Region X Northwest Regional Center of Excellence (NWRCE) for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases is an essential component in a nationwide network of biomedical research programs to combat infectious disease threats to the population. The NWRCE is currently a highly interactive and thematic program focused on Gram-negative bacterial pathogens. The same general consistent focus has existed since its inception. There are three themes: (1) mechanisms of Gram-negative bacterial pathogenesis, (2) innate immune responses to Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, and (3) translation of (1) and (2) into early stage therapeutic development to prevent or treat Gram-negative bacterial diseases. The NWRCE is centered at the University of Washington (UW) in Seattle;in this renewal application, multiple sites are proposed in Seattle, two in Oregon, one in Idaho, and one in Maryland. The NWRCE has included the NIAID Rocky Mountain Laboratory since its inception and this relationship will continue and grow as part of this renewal as collaborations are expanded to include tularemia as well as plague research. British Columbia is also in our geographic region and collaboration is proposed with the University of Victoria, British Columbia. The NWRCE renewal proposes three international sites: Thailand, Sweden, and Mexico. The projects, cores, domestic and international sites, as well as collaborators, are highly interactive. The individuals that make up this proposal have worked together for many years during the last funding period and before the RCE was funded. The majority of investigators newly added to this to this application for renewed funding of the NWRCE have had long collaborative relationships with members of the center. The interactive nature and focus of the NWRCE is a major strength of the program and allows the NWRCE to rapidly and nimbly respond to national priorities to achieve important objectives with respect to Gram-negative bacterial infections.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-DDS-M)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Washington
United States
Zip Code
Hagar, Jon A; Edin, Matthew L; Lih, Fred B et al. (2017) Lipopolysaccharide Potentiates Insulin-Driven Hypoglycemic Shock. J Immunol 199:3634-3643
Hajjar, Adeline M; Ernst, Robert K; Yi, Jaehun et al. (2017) Expression level of human TLR4 rather than sequence is the key determinant of LPS responsiveness. PLoS One 12:e0186308
Jorgensen, Ine; Lopez, Joseph P; Laufer, Stefan A et al. (2016) IL-1?, IL-18, and eicosanoids promote neutrophil recruitment to pore-induced intracellular traps following pyroptosis. Eur J Immunol 46:2761-2766
Miller, Samuel I; Chaudhary, Anu (2016) A Cellular GWAS Approach to Define Human Variation in Cellular Pathways Important to Inflammation. Pathogens 5:
Fan, Vincent S; Gharib, Sina A; Martin, Thomas R et al. (2016) COPD disease severity and innate immune response to pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 11:467-77
Jorgensen, Ine; Zhang, Yue; Krantz, Bryan A et al. (2016) Pyroptosis triggers pore-induced intracellular traps (PITs) that capture bacteria and lead to their clearance by efferocytosis. J Exp Med 213:2113-28
Hayden, Hillary S; Matamouros, Susana; Hager, Kyle R et al. (2016) Genomic Analysis of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Characterizes Strain Diversity for Recent U.S. Salmonellosis Cases and Identifies Mutations Linked to Loss of Fitness under Nitrosative and Oxidative Stress. MBio 7:e00154
Chaudhary, Anu; Leite, Mara; Kulasekara, Bridget R et al. (2016) Human Diversity in a Cell Surface Receptor that Inhibits Autophagy. Curr Biol 26:1791-801
Majerczyk, Charlotte; Schneider, Emily; Greenberg, E Peter (2016) Quorum sensing control of Type VI secretion factors restricts the proliferation of quorum-sensing mutants. Elife 5:
Yen, Gloria S; Edgar, J Scott; Yoon, Sung Hwan et al. (2016) Polydimethylsiloxane microchannel coupled to surface acoustic wave nebulization mass spectrometry. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 30:1096-100

Showing the most recent 10 out of 247 publications