Adeno-associated Virus Vectors for Targeted and Repeat Delivery Project 1 """"""""Adeno-associated Virus Vectors for Targeted and Repeat Delivery"""""""" will capitalize on AAV vector results derived from the on-going AAV Phase I DMD clinical trial. The advent of novel AAV vectors (serotype 1-11) and the solving of the capsid crystal structure, has allowed us and others to carry out rational design of AAV capsids to generate laboratory strains of gene delivery vehicles. Using such an approach, we have been successful in engineering AAV type 2 liver tropic vectors into a muscle tropic virus using only 5 amino acids derived from AAV type 1 capsid backbone. This novel chimeric reagent (AAV 2.5) has a distinct immune profile when compared to capsid backbone of parent serotypes and has high efficiency for muscle transduction. Due to the advantages of this chimeric AAV particle we recently initiated a Phase I Gene Therapy clinical trial for DMD with Dr. Xiao. Early information derived from these efforts has provided hypothesis driven approaches to better understand basic steps such as immune response to viral capsid, viral /receptor interaction, intra-cellular trafficking, and transgene expression. In the proposed studies, we hope to capitalize on these observations by deriving a collection of disease tropic vectors with novel immune profile that will allow for repeat administration. These objectives will be carried out by availability to AAV DNA capsid library technology, selection against patient neutralizing serum (including on-going AAV clinical trial), and use of large animal models carrying muscle specific disease traits (Project 3). Our objective is to better understand the molecular mechanism of efficient vector muscle transduction that will allow these and other novel delivery reagents for skeletal and heart specific muscle gene therapy. Success of these studies will facilitate the immediate goals of Project 2 and the long-term objective of initiating clinical trial for muscle disorders.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAR1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill
United States
Zip Code
Chai, Zheng; Samulski, R Jude; Li, Chengwen (2018) Nab Escaping AAV Mutants Isolated from Mouse Muscles. Bio Protoc 8:
Li, Chengwen; Wu, Shuqing; Albright, Blake et al. (2016) Development of Patient-specific AAV Vectors After Neutralizing Antibody Selection for Enhanced Muscle Gene Transfer. Mol Ther 24:53-65
Fan, Zheng; Kocis, Keith; Valley, Robert et al. (2015) High-Pressure Transvenous Perfusion of the Upper Extremity in Human Muscular Dystrophy: A Safety Study with 0.9% Saline. Hum Gene Ther 26:614-21
Mitchell, Angela M; Hirsch, Matthew L; Li, Chengwen et al. (2014) Promyelocytic leukemia protein is a cell-intrinsic factor inhibiting parvovirus DNA replication. J Virol 88:925-36
Fan, Zheng; Wang, Jiahui; Ahn, Mihye et al. (2014) Characteristics of magnetic resonance imaging biomarkers in a natural history study of golden retriever muscular dystrophy. Neuromuscul Disord 24:178-91
Qiao, Chunping; Li, Chengwen; Zhao, Chunxia et al. (2014) K137R mutation on adeno-associated viral capsids had minimal effect on enhancing gene delivery in vivo. Hum Gene Ther Methods 25:33-9
Powers, William J (2014) Intravenous thrombolysis of basilar artery thrombosis. Ann Neurol 75:456-7
Asokan, Aravind; Samulski, R Jude (2013) An emerging adeno-associated viral vector pipeline for cardiac gene therapy. Hum Gene Ther 24:906-13
Gray, S J; Nagabhushan Kalburgi, S; McCown, T J et al. (2013) Global CNS gene delivery and evasion of anti-AAV-neutralizing antibodies by intrathecal AAV administration in non-human primates. Gene Ther 20:450-9
He, Yi; Weinberg, Marc S; Hirsch, Matt et al. (2013) Kinetics of adeno-associated virus serotype 2 (AAV2) and AAV8 capsid antigen presentation in vivo are identical. Hum Gene Ther 24:545-53

Showing the most recent 10 out of 38 publications