Project I """"""""Colistimethate Dose Optimization in Infants and Children This project is designed to determine the age-dependent changes in pharmacokinetics of colistimethate (the infused methane-sulfonated pro-drug) and colistin in pediatric patients from full term infants to adolescents. We believe that the developmental changes in drug handling of colistimethate and colistin are large enough to warrant different dosing guidelines in pediatric sub-populations. By measuring Cmax, t1/2, Vd, CL and AUC, and by using population analysis of data derived from sparse plasma sampling techniques, and assessing the covariates of age, weight, body surface area and renal function, we will successfully be able to describe the effective and safe dose required for clinical and microbiologic cure in each of the different pediatric age groups, based on exposures studied in both adults and in experimental animals. By analyzing the safety of colistimethate and colistin post-dosing, with particular attention to a wide range of renal toxicity markers, from the standard assays of urinary creatinine and albumin, to more sophisticated markers of renal injury, including transmembrane tubular protein kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), beta2-microglobulin, retinal B protein, and urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG). We hope to create a detailed description of the characteristics of renal injury that may occur with colistimethate and colistin, by pediatric age group, to better understand the risks inherent in the therapeutic use of this agent. Finally, by using age-group specific population PK variation in drug exposure, together with published susceptibility data for Gram-negative pathogens to colistin, we will perform Monte Carlo simulation in each age group to assess specific targeted drug exposures required for cure. This is designed to provide sufficient exposure to achieve a high target attainment rate, while minimizing toxicity from unnecessarily high drug exposure.

Public Health Relevance

As antimicrobial resistance increases in nosocomial pathogens, hospital-acquired pediatric infections are increasingly difficult to treat. We propose to analyze and model the developmentally-driven single-dose pharmacokinetics and renal safety a drug of last resort for multi-drug resistant Gram-negative pathogens, colistin, for which virtually no pediatric data currently exist.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DSR-A)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of California San Diego
La Jolla
United States
Zip Code
Kumaraswamy, Monika; Do, Carter; Sakoulas, George et al. (2018) Listeria monocytogenes endocarditis: case report, review of the literature, and laboratory evaluation of potential novel antibiotic synergies. Int J Antimicrob Agents 51:468-478
Choe, Donghui; Szubin, Richard; Dahesh, Samira et al. (2018) Genome-scale analysis of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 reveals a tradeoff between pathogenesis and drug resistance. Sci Rep 8:2215
Sakoulas, George; Kumaraswamy, Monika; Kousha, Armin et al. (2017) Interaction of Antibiotics with Innate Host Defense Factors against Salmonella enterica Serotype Newport. mSphere 2:
Sakoulas, George; Rose, Warren; Berti, Andrew et al. (2017) Classical ?-Lactamase Inhibitors Potentiate the Activity of Daptomycin against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Colistin against Acinetobacter baumannii. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 61:
Natale, Stephanie; Bradley, John; Nguyen, William Huy et al. (2017) Pediatric Obesity: Pharmacokinetic Alterations and Effects on Antimicrobial Dosing. Pharmacotherapy 37:361-378
Sakoulas, George; Olson, Joshua; Yim, Juwon et al. (2016) Cefazolin and Ertapenem, a Synergistic Combination Used To Clear Persistent Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 60:6609-6618
Lin, Leo; Kim, Janie; Chen, Hope et al. (2016) Component Analysis of Multipurpose Contact Lens Solutions To Enhance Activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 60:4259-63
Hollands, Andrew; Corriden, Ross; Gysler, Gabriela et al. (2016) Natural Product Anacardic Acid from Cashew Nut Shells Stimulates Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Production and Bactericidal Activity. J Biol Chem 291:13964-73
Shoji, Kensuke; Bradley, John S; Reed, Michael D et al. (2016) Population Pharmacokinetic Assessment and Pharmacodynamic Implications of Pediatric Cefepime Dosing for Susceptible-Dose-Dependent Organisms. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 60:2150-6
Lam, Lisa H; Capparelli, Edmund V; Kurzrock, Razelle (2016) Association of concurrent acid-suppression therapy with survival outcomes and adverse event incidence in oncology patients receiving erlotinib. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 78:427-32

Showing the most recent 10 out of 71 publications