With 13 years of experience and an outstanding record of performance, the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) Laboratory Center (LC) is optimally positioned to support the HPTN in 2013 and beyond. As part of the HPTN Leadership Group, the LC will help shape the network's scientific agenda. The HPTN LC will oversee laboratory activities at study sites; perform Quality Control/Quality Assurance (QA/QC) and specialized testing for HPTN protocols; evaluate and validate assays for use in HPTN protocols; develop novel assays to achieve study objectives; and perform ancillary studies related to HIV prevention. The HPTN LC has comprehensive QA/QC, Virology, and Pharmacology Cores, with Support Laboratories in other key areas (Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Microbiology, Immunology, and Toxicology). The HPTN LC has extensive experience supporting HIV prevention trials in the United States, South America, Asia, and Africa and has led efforts to harmonize laboratory procedures across networks and in other groups. The HPTN LC has supported HPTN protocols evaluating behavioral, biomedical, and structural interventions for HIV prevention, often delivered in combination in a wide range of settings and non-traditional venues. This includes observational, Phase I, Phase II and Phase III studies, with interventions delivered to HIV uninfected individuals, HIV-infected individuals, couples, cohorts, and communities. HPTN study populations include adolescents, women, men who have sex with men, serodiscordant couples, injection drug users, and individuals with acute HIV infection, with some trials enrolling >50,000 participants.
The Specific Aims of the HPTN LC are:
Aim 1 : To provide leadership, expertise, and laboratory support to the HPTN;
Aim 2 : To support site laboratories and ensure the quality of HPTN laboratory results;
Aim 3 : To advance HIV prevention science through assay development and biomedical research. A strong and effective LC is particularly important in the HPTN because of the vast international scope, diversity, and complexity of HIV prevention trials. This award will enable the HPTN to continue its mission to identify effective strategies for HIV prevention that will help end the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

Public Health Relevance

The goal of HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) is to identify effective strategies for HIV prevention. The HPTN Laboratory Center (LC) is part of the HPTN leadership group. HPTN LC investigators will oversee laboratory testing performed at study sites, analyze samples collected in HPTN studies, develop novel laboratory assays, and perform laboratory-related research relevant to HIV prevention.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Research Project with Complex Structure Cooperative Agreement (UM1)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1)
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Gilbreath, Michael J
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Johns Hopkins University
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Rosenberg, Molly; Pettifor, Audrey; Twine, Rhian et al. (2018) Evidence for sample selection effect and Hawthorne effect in behavioural HIV prevention trial among young women in a rural South African community. BMJ Open 8:e019167
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Sivay, Mariya V; Hudelson, Sarah E; Wang, Jing et al. (2018) HIV-1 diversity among young women in rural South Africa: HPTN 068. PLoS One 13:e0198999
Bradley, John; Floyd, Sian; Piwowar-Manning, Estelle et al. (2018) Sexually Transmitted Bedfellows: Exquisite Association Between HIV and Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 in 21 Communities in Southern Africa in the HIV Prevention Trials Network 071 (PopART) Study. J Infect Dis 218:443-452
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