The purpose of the LIFE Study is to assess the impact of environmental factors, broadly defined to include lifestyle factors, on human reproduction and development. The LIFE Study is consistent with the mission of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development that includes conducting basic, clinical and epidemiologic research focusing on factors and processes associated with human reproduction and development thereby, ensuring the birth of healthy infants capable of reaching full adult potential unimpaired by physical or mental disabilities. This study is assessing the relation between select environmental factors and human fecundity and fertility, particularly in the context of lifestyle. 501 couples discontinuing contraception for purposes of becoming pregnant were recruited from 16 targeted counties in Michigan and Texas. Couples completed baseline interviews and standardized anthropometric assessments and were prospectively followed for up to 12 months attempting pregnancy. Pregnant women were followed until delivery. Couples provided blood and urine samples at baseline, and men provided semen samples and women saliva samples for the analysis of semen quality and stress biomarkers, respectively. Select blood metals (lead and cadmium) and serum organochlorine pollutants (PCBs and PFCs) chemicals were found to be associated with couple fecundity as measured by a longer time required for pregnancy. Male chemical concentrations were observed to be associated with greater reduction in fecundity. Analysis of short-lived chemicals and lifestyle is currently underway.

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Nobles, Carrie J; Schisterman, Enrique F; Ha, Sandie et al. (2018) Time-varying cycle average and daily variation in ambient air pollution and fecundability. Hum Reprod 33:166-176
Nobles, Carrie J; Schisterman, Enrique F; Ha, Sandie et al. (2018) Ambient air pollution and semen quality. Environ Res 163:228-236
Lum, Kirsten J; Sundaram, Rajeshwari; Barr, Dana B et al. (2017) Perfluoroalkyl Chemicals, Menstrual Cycle Length, and Fecundity: Findings from a Prospective Pregnancy Study. Epidemiology 28:90-98
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Sapra, Katherine J; Joseph, K S; Galea, Sandro et al. (2016) Signs and Symptoms of Early Pregnancy Loss: A Systematic Review. Reprod Sci :

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