Dr. Bailey-Wilson is collaborating with Drs. Barbara and Ronald Klein and Sudha Iyengar on analyses of existing family data from the Beaver Dam Eye Study (BDES). A private census of the town and township of Beaver Dam, Wisconsin was performed and all individuals between the ages of 43-84 were asked to enroll, given extensive eye examinations and asked to fill out a questionnaire that measures environmental risk factor exposures. We have previously analyzed STRP genome-wide scan (GWS) data on the entire Beaver Dam cohort of families for glaucoma, IOP, refractive error, myopia, hyperopia, and various forms of cataracts. This year we published papers addressing heritability of many biometric eye size traits related to myopia, evidence for a candidate gene for cortical cataracts and linkage analysis of multiple metabolic factors in the BDES data. Linkage analyses using a new SNP linkage panel with multiple traits including: refraction, myopia, nuclear sclerosis, etc are underway. Dense SNPs for finemapping of Chromosome 19 for IOP and 2 smaller glaucoma-associated regions on chromosomes 5 and 6 are currently being analyzed. A study of the genetics of myopia with Dr. Dwight Stambolian is ongoing. Dr. Stambolian has collected pedigrees with myopia from 4 populations. Analyses of refractive error in the Ashkenazi Jewish and Amish families have revealed evidence of a QTL on chromosome 1. A set of about 1500 SNPs were genotyped in our Ashkenazi and Amish families to follow up the linkage of refractive error on chromosome 1;these analyses confirmed our previous linkage of a QTL for refractive error on1p34-p36 (4). During follow-up of our previous chromosome 22 linkage results for myopia, wehave used association and sequencing methods to narrow the region to 3 candidate loci. We are carefully examining these candidates to determine which is the susceptibility locus. We have published linkage results in our African-American and Caucasian families for both myopia (5) and refractive error and have also published a metaanalysis of results from all of the populations (6). We found significant evidence of linkage of refractive error to chromosome 7q in the African-American pedigrees and are analyzing a finemapping panel of SNPs to follow-up this region. Dr. Bailey-Wilson and several members of her group have received permission to analyze genetic data from the Framingham Eye Study and Offspring Study cohorts. The sample consists of about 1100 nuclear families whose members have been phenotyped extensively and genotyped for over 500,000 SNPs and 600 microsatellite marker loci. Genomewide linkage and association analyses of traits related to myopia and hyperopia, refractive error and glaucoma related traits (IOP, Cup-to Disc, Glaucoma) are ongoing. Dr. Bailey-Wilson is a member of a collaborative study of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, collaborating with Drs. Max Muenke and Dr. Mauricio Arcos-Burgos of NHGRI and University of Antioquia, Columbia. Dr. Bailey-Wilson's role is to help with study design and to serve as advising statistical geneticist on the project. Genome-wide scan genotyping and linkage analysis has been completed on the first set of families followed by finemapping. We have previously shown evidence of linkage of ADHD to 4q132, 5q333, 11q22, and 17p11. Association studies have been performed to follow up our linkage results, and significant associations have been replicated in additional samples. One candidate gene has been identified and manuscripts are in preparation. Dr. Bailey-Wilson is collaborating with Dr. Hasan Albacha-Hejazi of the Syrian Arab Republic, Dr. Diego Wyszynski of Boston University and Dr. Terri Beaty of Johns Hopkins School of Public Health on a linkage study of oral clefts. Data collection is ongoing in the Syrian Arab Republic and more genotyping will be performed when enrollment of a total of 50 families informative for linkage iss completed. Dr. Bailey-Wilson is working with Drs. Forbes Porter of NIH and Elaine Tierney of Kennedy Krieger on a genetic study of autism. Evidence for linkage of autistic individuals with hypocholesterolemia has been found. Confirmation in additional data is underway and additional family data are being collected. Dr. Bailey-Wilson also serves in an advisory role on study design and interpretation of results for the Familial Intracranial Aneurysm (IA) consortium. This consortium is using both linkage and genome-wide association methods to detect genetic predisposition to this type of familial strokes. Results of a 6000 SNP genome-wide linkage study were published this year. We showed that Parametric analyses yielded evidence for linkage of IA on chromosome 4q and chromosome 12p. Significant evidence for a gene x smoking interaction was detected on chromosome 7p. These results suggest it is unlikely that there is a single common variant with a strong effect in the majority of the IA families (9). Rather, it is likely that multiple genetic and environmental risk factors contribute to the susceptibility for intracranial aneurysms. Linkage analysis using the broadest disease phenotype, including IA, abdominal AA, and thoracic AA, showed evidence for linkage on chromosomes 11 and 6, which supports the concept of shared genetic risk for these different types of aneurysm (10). We are now pursuing a genome-wide association study to attempt to identify common alleles of small effect that may contribute to risk of this disorder. Dr. Bailey-Wilson also served in an advisory capacity to an admixture mapping study of obesity in African-Americans (11), working with Dr. WH (Linda) Kao of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Dr. Ching-Yu Cheng, a Special Volunteer in the Statistical Genetics Section.

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Shah, Rupal L; Li, Qing; Zhao, Wanting et al. (2018) A genome-wide association study of corneal astigmatism: The CREAM Consortium. Mol Vis 24:127-142
Chen, Ying; Gilbert, Melissa A; Grochowski, Christopher M et al. (2018) A genome-wide association study identifies a susceptibility locus for biliary atresia on 2p16.1 within the gene EFEMP1. PLoS Genet 14:e1007532
Musolf, Anthony M; Simpson, Claire L; Long, Kyle A et al. (2018) Myopia in Chinese families shows linkage to 10q26.13. Mol Vis 24:29-42
Musolf, Anthony M; Simpson, Claire L; Moiz, Bilal A et al. (2017) Caucasian Families Exhibit Significant Linkage of Myopia to Chromosome 11p. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 58:3547-3554
Fu, Jack; Beaty, Terri H; Scott, Alan F et al. (2017) Whole exome association of rare deletions in multiplex oral cleft families. Genet Epidemiol 41:61-69
Afshari, Natalie A; Igo Jr, Robert P; Morris, Nathan J et al. (2017) Genome-wide association study identifies three novel loci in Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy. Nat Commun 8:14898
Holzinger, Emily R; Verma, Shefali S; Moore, Carrie B et al. (2017) Discovery and replication of SNP-SNP interactions for quantitative lipid traits in over 60,000 individuals. BioData Min 10:25
Xie, Hongbo M; Werner, Petra; Stambolian, Dwight et al. (2017) Rare copy number variants in patients with congenital conotruncal heart defects. Birth Defects Res 109:271-295
Lewis, D D; Shaffer, J R; Feingold, E et al. (2017) Genetic Association ofMMP10,MMP14, andMMP16with Dental Caries. Int J Dent 2017:8465125
Velkova, Aneliya; Diaz, Jennifer E L; Pangilinan, Faith et al. (2017) The FUT2 secretor variant p.Trp154Ter influences serum vitamin B12 concentration via holo-haptocorrin, but not holo-transcobalamin, and is associated with haptocorrin glycosylation. Hum Mol Genet 26:4975-4988

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