This application requests a NIAAA Mentored Research Scientist Development Award (K01) for Dr. Mildred M. Maldonado-Molina. The candidate will develop a research program to reduce health disparities in alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences. With support from a K-award, Dr. Maldonado-Molina will become an advanced methodologist in the alcohol field in terms of analyses of hierarchical and intensively longitudinal data (i.e., hundreds of repeated observations across multiple groups nested in multiple levels). Dr. Maldonado-Molina's career development goals are: (1) increase knowledge in statistical methods to handle complex hierarchical and longitudinally intensive data (applied to the study of health disparities in alcohol epidemiology);(2) increase skills to disseminate findings on alcohol prevention research to the scientific community;and (3) develop independent research proposals. These goals will be achieved through (1) receiving mentored research experiences;(2) participating in coursework, workshops, and other structured didactic activities;and (3) addressing specific aims of the proposed research project. The proposed research uses hierarchical and intensive longitudinal data to examine whether alcohol exposure and alcohol policies might exacerbate or attenuate disparities in alcohol use and alcohol-related mortality across subgroups of the population (e.g. gender, ethnicity, age groups). The research plan is guided by two aims: (1) test effects of exposure and sources of alcohol (e.g., parents, friends, commercial) on trajectories of alcohol use among adolescents across gender and ethnic subgroups;and (2) test effects of selected alcohol policies in reducing health disparities in traffic crash mortality from 1976 to 2002. In sum, Dr. Maldonado- Molina will: (1) develop a research agenda to reduce health disparities in alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences;(2) receive training to handle hierarchical and longitudinally intensive data;(3) increase her ability to successfully develop independent research projects;and most importantly, (4) make the transition to an independent researcher who can improve the health of the population by reducing health disparities in alcohol use and alcohol-related morbidity and mortality across subgroups in the United States. Public Health Relevance: With support from this award, the candidate will develop a research program to reduce health disparities in alcohol-related morbidity and mortality among adolescents and adults. She will also become an advanced methodologist in the alcohol field in terms of analyses of intensively longitudinal and time-series data (i.e., hundreds of repeated observations across multiple groups nested in multiple levels).

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Type
Research Scientist Development Award - Research & Training (K01)
Project #
5K01AA017480-04
Application #
8220769
Study Section
Health Services Research Review Subcommittee (AA)
Program Officer
Arroyo, Judith A
Project Start
2009-02-15
Project End
2014-01-31
Budget Start
2012-02-01
Budget End
2014-01-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$154,128
Indirect Cost
$10,960
Name
University of Florida
Department
Other Health Professions
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
969663814
City
Gainesville
State
FL
Country
United States
Zip Code
32611
Delcher, Chris; Johnson, Rachel; Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M (2013) Driving after drinking among young adults of different race/ethnicities in the United States: unique risk factors in early adolescence? J Adolesc Health 52:584-91
Tobler, Amy L; Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M; Staras, Stephanie A S et al. (2013) Perceived racial/ethnic discrimination, problem behaviors, and mental health among minority urban youth. Ethn Health 18:337-49
Reingle, Jennifer M; Jennings, Wesley G; Lynne-Landsman, Sarah D et al. (2013) Toward an understanding of risk and protective factors for violence among adolescent boys and men: a longitudinal analysis. J Adolesc Health 52:493-8
Ridenour, Ty A; Pineo, Thomas Z; Maldonado Molina, Mildred M et al. (2013) Toward rigorous idiographic research in prevention science: comparison between three analytic strategies for testing preventive intervention in very small samples. Prev Sci 14:267-78
Staras, Stephanie A S; Livingston, Melvin D; Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M et al. (2013) The influence of sexual partner on condom use among urban adolescents. J Adolesc Health 53:742-8
Bernat, Debra H; Maldonado-Molina, Mildred; Hyland, Andrew et al. (2013) Effects of smoke-free laws on alcohol-related car crashes in California and New York: time series analyses from 1982 to 2008. Am J Public Health 103:214-20
Jennings, Wesley G; Reingle, Jennifer M; Staras, Stephanie A S et al. (2012) Substance Use as a Risk Factor for Intimate Partner Violence Overlap: Generational Differences Among Hispanic Young Adults. Int Crim Justice Rev 22:139-152
Staras, Stephanie A S; Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M; Livingston, Melvin D et al. (2012) Association between sex partner meeting venues and sexual risk taking among urban adolescents. J Adolesc Health 51:566-71
Reingle, Jennifer M; Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M (2012) Victimization and Violent Offending: An Assessment of the Victim-Offender Overlap Among Native American Adolescents and Young Adults. Int Crim Justice Rev 22:123-138
Reingle, Jennifer M; Jennings, Wesley G; Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M (2012) Risk and Protective Factors for Trajectories of Violent Delinquency Among a Nationally Representative Sample of Early Adolescents. Youth Violence Juv Justice 10:261-277

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