This proposal aims to develop the applicant into an independent physician-scientist in the field of cardiovascular medicine. The principal investigator (PI) has already undergone PhD training in the basic biological sciences and completed clinical training in internal medicine and the cardiology subspecialty. The proposed 5-year career development plan will provide refinement of the PI's scientific skills under the mentorship of Dr. Clay Semenkovich. Dr. Semenkovich is a recognized leader in physiology and metabolism and has a track record for training successful physician-scientists, especially at the incipient stages of their careers. In addition, the PI will be able to take advantage of the enormous breadth of clinical and basic science resources available at Washington University, including obtaining scientific as well as career guidance from his faculty advisory committee and collaborators. The research set forth herein seeks to delineate the unique roles de novo lipogenesis play in myocardial physiology and pathophysiology. In the past few years, the Semenkovich laboratory has advanced our thinking about metabolism by successfully generating and characterizing mice with tissue-specific deletion of fatty acid synthase (FAS). This system enables one to study myocardial function in the absence of de novo-generated lipids, a situation that has never before been possible. We propose to test the hypothesis that FAS acts to generate lipids distinct from those obtainable from the periphery and that these lipids provide critical signaling roles under both homeostatic and acute stress conditions. We plan to address this hypothesis by characterizing FASKard (FAS Knockout in the Myocardium) mice.

Public Health Relevance

This career development plan has two long-lasting goals. First, it will serve to develop an individual with both research and clinical expertise in the cardiovascular sciences, a career-path that is currently on the wane but critically important for future breakthroughs. Second, the paradigm-shifting concept that endogenous and exogenous lipids have distinct roles in physiology and metabolism is an emerging one and one that is sure to be of critical importance in our understanding of cardiac function in both normal and pathological states.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Clinical Investigator Award (CIA) (K08)
Project #
5K08HL098559-04
Application #
8469343
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHL1-CSR-U (O1))
Program Officer
Carlson, Drew E
Project Start
2010-07-15
Project End
2015-05-31
Budget Start
2013-06-01
Budget End
2014-05-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$117,750
Indirect Cost
$8,722
Name
Washington University
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
068552207
City
Saint Louis
State
MO
Country
United States
Zip Code
63130
Sergin, Ismail; Bhattacharya, Somashubhra; Emanuel, Roy et al. (2016) Inclusion bodies enriched for p62 and polyubiquitinated proteins in macrophages protect against atherosclerosis. Sci Signal 9:ra2
Razani, Babak; Raines, Elaine W (2015) Can the DNA damage response be harnessed to modulate atherosclerotic plaque phenotype? Circ Res 116:770-3
Sergin, Ismail; Evans, Trent D; Razani, Babak (2015) Degradation and beyond: the macrophage lysosome as a nexus for nutrient sensing and processing in atherosclerosis. Curr Opin Lipidol 26:394-404
Sergin, Ismail; Razani, Babak (2014) Self-eating in the plaque: what macrophage autophagy reveals about atherosclerosis. Trends Endocrinol Metab 25:225-34
Sergin, Ismail; Evans, Trent D; Bhattacharya, Somashubhra et al. (2014) Hypoxia in plaque macrophages: a new danger signal for interleukin-1β activation? Circ Res 115:817-20
Emanuel, Roy; Sergin, Ismail; Bhattacharya, Somashubhra et al. (2014) Induction of lysosomal biogenesis in atherosclerotic macrophages can rescue lipid-induced lysosomal dysfunction and downstream sequelae. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 34:1942-52
Spears, Larry D; Razani, Babak; Semenkovich, Clay F (2013) Interleukins and atherosclerosis: a dysfunctional family grows. Cell Metab 18:614-6
Lodhi, Irfan J; Yin, Li; Jensen-Urstad, Anne P L et al. (2012) Inhibiting adipose tissue lipogenesis reprograms thermogenesis and PPARγ activation to decrease diet-induced obesity. Cell Metab 16:189-201
Razani, Babak; Feng, Chu; Coleman, Trey et al. (2012) Autophagy links inflammasomes to atherosclerotic progression. Cell Metab 15:534-44
Razani, Babak; Zhang, Haixia; Schulze, P Christian et al. (2011) Fatty acid synthase modulates homeostatic responses to myocardial stress. J Biol Chem 286:30949-61

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