The purpose of this proposal is to foster the candidate's development into a clinical investigator capable of translating metabolic signatures of myocardial ischemia and dysfunction into clinically applicable biomarkers. Dr. Lewis will couple training in mass-spectrometry based small molecule profiling and clinical research methodology through a unique, multi-disciplinary collaboration between the Broad Institute of Harvard &MIT and the Massachusetts General Hospital. There is an unmet clinical need for circulating biomarkers that provide biochemical proof ofmyocardial ischemia and early (troponin negative) myocardial infarction (Ml). Recent advances in metabolic profiling technologies have enhanced the feasibility of obtaining high throughput "snapshots" of a whole organism's metabolic state. Over the past 2 years, Dr. Lewis has played a central role in establishing a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry platform to monitor over 400 metabolites per human plasma sample. He proposes to apply this platform to identify and validate metabolic signatures of myocardial ischemia and Ml.
Specific Aim 1 will be to identify metabolic changes of Ml and ischemia in two patient cohorts: 1) patients undergoing planned Ml to treat hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, and 2) patients experiencing myocardial ischemia during exercise treadmill testing (ETT). In both of these cohorts, the controlled nature of the myocardial insult permits samples to be obtained before and after the insult, allowing each patient to serve as his or her own biological control. Coronary sinus sampling will aid in localizing the source of metabolic changes in planned Ml.
Specific Aim 2 will be to prospectively validate the diagnostic utility of metabolic markers of myocardial ischemia in a second ETT cohort.
Specific Aim 3 will be to validate the diagnostic utility of these novel metabolic biomarkers in patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain.
Specific Aim 4 will be to extend metabolic profiling beyond ischemia to identify metabolic modulators of ventricular dysfunction. The candidate will ultimately integrate training and results from this proposed award with his physiology training to define metabolic signatures of ischemia and heart failure.
Blood tests that measure markers of heart damage play an important role in making the diagnosis of heart attack and in guiding appropriate treatments. Currently used markers, however, are not detectable in the blood for the first several hours after a heart attack. This proposal outlines a novelstrategy to capture rapid changes in circulating metabolites that occur in response to heart injury. These metabolites may serve as new markers of injury to help to guide prompt, appropriate treatments to correct metabolic abnormalities.
|Lewis, Gregory D; Ngo, Debby; Hemnes, Anna R et al. (2016) Metabolic Profiling of Right Ventricular-Pulmonary Vascular Function Reveals Circulating Biomarkers of Pulmonary Hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol 67:174-89|
|Dhakal, Bishnu P; Malhotra, Rajeev; Murphy, Ryan M et al. (2015) Mechanisms of exercise intolerance in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: the role of abnormal peripheral oxygen extraction. Circ Heart Fail 8:286-94|
|Magnusson, Martin; Lewis, Gregory D; Ericson, Ulrika et al. (2013) A diabetes-predictive amino acid score and future cardiovascular disease. Eur Heart J 34:1982-9|
|Altman, Robert K; Parks, Kimberly A; Schlett, Christopher L et al. (2012) Multidisciplinary care of patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy is associated with improved clinical outcomes. Eur Heart J 33:2181-8|
|Fang, James C; DeMarco, Teresa; Givertz, Michael M et al. (2012) World Health Organization Pulmonary Hypertension group 2: pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease in the adult--a summary statement from the Pulmonary Hypertension Council of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant 31:913-33|
|Cheng, Susan; Rhee, Eugene P; Larson, Martin G et al. (2012) Metabolite profiling identifies pathways associated with metabolic risk in humans. Circulation 125:2222-31|
|Saggar, R; Lewis, G D; Systrom, D M et al. (2012) Pulmonary vascular responses to exercise: a haemodynamic observation. Eur Respir J 39:231-4|
|Weiner, Rory B; Wang, Francis; Berkstresser, Brant et al. (2012) Regression of "gray zone" exercise-induced concentric left ventricular hypertrophy during prescribed detraining. J Am Coll Cardiol 59:1992-4|
|Januzzi Jr, James L; Rehman, Shafiq U; Mohammed, Asim A et al. (2011) Use of amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide to guide outpatient therapy of patients with chronic left ventricular systolic dysfunction. J Am Coll Cardiol 58:1881-9|
|Malhotra, Rajeev; Hess, Dean; Lewis, Gregory D et al. (2011) Vasoreactivity to inhaled nitric oxide with oxygen predicts long-term survival in pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulm Circ 1:250-258|
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