We propose to bring together laboratories from different disciplines, departments, and universities in Los Angeles to study the molecular mechanisms linking dietary restriction and starvation to cellular protection and aging. These studies will contribute to the identification of drugs and interventions to treat but also prevent multiple diseases of aging. The program project consists of 3 major projects, an Animal and Biostatistics Core and an Administrative Core. The common goals are to: a) identify dietary interventions and molecular pathways that can protect normal cells and organs against both endogenous and exogenous toxins with focus on age-dependent oxidative DNA and protein damage and life span, b) understand the underlying mechanisms of cellular and organismal aging with focus on starvation, growth factors-dependent signaling, oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, c) test the hypothesis that the modulation of anti aging pathways by starvation, genetic manipulations and drugs can result in differential protection of normal and cancer cells against toxins and extend longevity. The PIs bring together an optimal combination of expertise ranging from those in the genetics and molecular biology of starvation-dependent modulation of aging and stress resistance with focus on IGF-I, IGFBPs, and their signaling pathways, to knowledge of endoplasmic reticulum stress response systems and their link to aging and diseases, to experience with highly challenging procedures and large scale animals studies related to the biology of aging. The unique background of each PI and the close collaborations between them has generated and will continue to generate novel ideas to address the very complex link between growth factors, stress resistance, aging, and diseases. The variety of model systems, genetically modified cells and mice, reagents, and technical expertise contributed by each PI is undoubtedly accelerating the research progress in a way that could not be achieved by independent studies.
Modern research approaches on the major diseases focus primarily on the treatment of these diseases after they are diagnosed. Here, we propose to bring together laljoratories from different disciplines, departments, and universities in the Los Angeles area to understand the molecular mechanisms of cellular protection and aging and apply them to the identifications of drugs and interventions to prevent and treat diseases of aging The unique background of each of the PIs has generated and will continue to generate novel ideas and strategies to address the very complex link between aging and diseases. REVIEW OF INDIVUAL COMPONENTS OF THE PROGRAM PROJECT CORE A: ADMINISTRATIVE CORE;DR. VALTER, D. LONGO, CORE LEADER (CL) DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall goal of the administrative core is to provide scientific, fiscal, and organizational coordination of all the activities of the projects and cores, facilitate interactions, regular meetings and technology-sharing and provide oversight and strategic planning for the program as a whole.
The aims of Core A are: 1. General Administration including the management of interactions between the projects, communication with the NlA/NIH, fiscal and accounting services and the set up of a website with password for sharing data and manuscripts In preparation. 2. Facilitate Meetings and Sharing, including organizing biweekly meetings of all investigators, meetings with the internal and external advisory committees, and coordinating the sharing of materials, supplies, cells, and animals between the different projects. 3. Progress, including analysis of the data produced by the various components, reading of reports by the Internal and External Advisory Committees, and providing feedback to each Core and Project to ensure that the goals of the program project are maintained. 4. Communication, including exposing university students, researchers and faculty to novel aging research-based strategies to prevent and treat diseases and enhance their interest in biogerontology, working with the administration to organize symposia and public lectures related to biogerontology-based approaches to prevent and treat diseases, setting up a web site to educate the public, researchers and clinicians about the progress of the research performed as part ofthis PO1.
The overall goal of the administrative core is to provide scientific, fiscal, and organizational coordination of all the activities of the projects and cores, facilitate interactions, regular meetings and technology-sharing and provide oversight and strategic planning for the program as a whole.
|Brandhorst, Sebastian; Harputlugil, Eylul; Mitchell, James R et al. (2017) Protective effects of short-term dietary restriction in surgical stress and chemotherapy. Ageing Res Rev 39:68-77|
|Lee, Amy S; Brandhorst, Sebastian; Rangel, Daisy F et al. (2017) Effects of Prolonged GRP78 Haploinsufficiency on Organ Homeostasis, Behavior, Cancer and Chemotoxic Resistance in Aged Mice. Sci Rep 7:40919|
|Cheng, Chia-Wei; Villani, Valentina; Buono, Roberta et al. (2017) Fasting-Mimicking Diet Promotes Ngn3-Driven ?-Cell Regeneration to Reverse Diabetes. Cell 168:775-788.e12|
|Okada, Alan K; Teranishi, Kazuki; Lobo, Fleur et al. (2017) The Mitochondrial-Derived Peptides, HumaninS14G and Small Humanin-like Peptide 2, Exhibit Chaperone-like Activity. Sci Rep 7:7802|
|Nashiro, Kaoru; Guevara-Aguirre, Jaime; Braskie, Meredith N et al. (2017) Brain Structure and Function Associated with Younger Adults in Growth Hormone Receptor-Deficient Humans. J Neurosci 37:1696-1707|
|Hine, Christopher; Kim, Hyo-Jeong; Zhu, Yan et al. (2017) Hypothalamic-Pituitary Axis Regulates Hydrogen Sulfide Production. Cell Metab 25:1320-1333.e5|
|Ayers, Emmeline; Shapiro, Miriam; Holtzer, Roee et al. (2017) Symptoms of Apathy Independently Predict Incident Frailty and Disability in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. J Clin Psychiatry 78:e529-e536|
|Balasubramanian, Priya; Longo, Valter D (2016) Growth factors, aging and age-related diseases. Growth Horm IGF Res 28:66-8|
|Mirzaei, Hamed; Raynes, Rachel; Longo, Valter D (2016) The conserved role of protein restriction in aging and disease. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 19:74-9|
|Marini, Cecilia; Ravera, Silvia; Buschiazzo, Ambra et al. (2016) Discovery of a novel glucose metabolism in cancer: The role of endoplasmic reticulum beyond glycolysis and pentose phosphate shunt. Sci Rep 6:25092|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 69 publications