Renal epithelial cell plasma membranes are divided into two domains whose distinct biochemical compositions reflect their individual roles. This polarity is required for vectorial solute and fluid transport in the kidney. To achieve this asymmetry, an epithelial cell must be able to establish distinct surface domains and to maintain these domains'distinct identities. The generation and maintenance of epithelial polarity is dependent upon the formation of contacts between neighboring cells, which initiates signals that activate the assembly of intercellular junctions and their associated polarization machinery. We and others have shown that adenosine monophosphate-stimulated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a key role in the formation of intercellular junctions and in the establishment of polarity. AMPK is a cellular energy sensor activated by intracellular ATP depletion that helps to protect tissues from the consequences of energy deprivation. AMPK governs numerous pathways that modulate cell growth and metabolism. Extracellular calcium plays a critical and complex role in inducing junction assembly, and we find that the calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) contributes to calcium- dependent junction assembly. We have also found that initiation of junction formation leads to inhibition of the GSK3? kinase, which regulates a number of cell differentiation and polarization signaling pathways. We wish to understand the roles that AMPK, GSK3?, the CaSR and other regulatory molecules play in the establishment and preservation of epithelial polarity under normal circumstances and in the face of pathological perturbations such as energy deprivation. We propose to determine 1) how modulation of the activities of AMPK, GSK3? and the CaSR initiate tight junction formation and influence tight junction protein expression;2) how the AMPK, GSK3? and CaSR pathways influence established junctions in intact epithelia;and 3) how loss of AMPK activity affects renal function and the susceptibility of renal tubular epithelial cells to ischemic damage. Through these studies, we will identify new regulatory targets and control points in the complex process of epithelial polarization. We will also invesigate cellular pathways involved in acute kidney injury and possible therapeutic interventions that may mitigate its severity.

Public Health Relevance

Kidney epithelial cells are designed to transport salt and water, with surface membranes that are divided into two domains separated by junctions that connect neighboring cells and that control the flow of substances between them. A number of regulatory processes control the formation of these junctions. Understanding these processes is critical to understanding the normal function of the kidney and its response to injury.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
2P01DK017433-41A1
Application #
8742446
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDK1-GRB-9 (M6))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-09-18
Budget End
2015-06-30
Support Year
41
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$315,871
Indirect Cost
$125,490
Name
Yale University
Department
Type
DUNS #
043207562
City
New Haven
State
CT
Country
United States
Zip Code
06520
Kim, Jun-Mo; Xu, Shuhua; Guo, Xiaoyun et al. (2018) Urinary bladder hypertrophy characteristic of male ROMK Bartter's mice does not occur in female mice. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 314:R334-R341
Gassaway, Brandon M; Petersen, Max C; Surovtseva, Yulia V et al. (2018) PKC? contributes to lipid-induced insulin resistance through cross talk with p70S6K and through previously unknown regulators of insulin signaling. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:E8996-E9005
Gilder, Allison L; Chapin, Hannah C; Padovano, Valeria et al. (2018) Newly synthesized polycystin-1 takes different trafficking pathways to the apical and ciliary membranes. Traffic 19:933-945
Barber, Karl W; Muir, Paul; Szeligowski, Richard V et al. (2018) Encoding human serine phosphopeptides in bacteria for proteome-wide identification of phosphorylation-dependent interactions. Nat Biotechnol 36:638-644
Scholl, Ute I; Stölting, Gabriel; Schewe, Julia et al. (2018) CLCN2 chloride channel mutations in familial hyperaldosteronism type II. Nat Genet 50:349-354
Barber, Karl W; Rinehart, Jesse (2018) The ABCs of PTMs. Nat Chem Biol 14:188-192
Barber, Karl W; Miller, Chad J; Jun, Jay W et al. (2018) Kinase Substrate Profiling Using a Proteome-wide Serine-Oriented Human Peptide Library. Biochemistry 57:4717-4725
Castañeda-Bueno, Maria; Arroyo, Juan Pablo; Zhang, Junhui et al. (2017) Phosphorylation by PKC and PKA regulate the kinase activity and downstream signaling of WNK4. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:E879-E886
Mohler, Kyle; Aerni, Hans-Rudolf; Gassaway, Brandon et al. (2017) MS-READ: Quantitative measurement of amino acid incorporation. Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj 1861:3081-3088
D'Lima, Nadia G; Khitun, Alexandra; Rosenbloom, Aaron D et al. (2017) Comparative Proteomics Enables Identification of Nonannotated Cold Shock Proteins in E. coli. J Proteome Res 16:3722-3731

Showing the most recent 10 out of 303 publications