The proposed Program Project Grant (PPG), "New Molecules in Triglyceride Metabolism and Adipogenesis," is guided by a common objective-to study mechanisms for triglyceride delivery to peripheral tissues and to define new mechanisms in adipogenesis. This PPG is highly relevant to obesity and hyperlipidemia, two public health problems that are central to the mission of the NHLBI. During the past year, the project and core leaders of this PPG have uncovered new molecules regulating plasma lipid metabolism, fuel delivery to cells, and adipogenesis. Although these novel molecules and targets were discovered by diverse experimental approaches, they all are directly connected to lipogenesis and to PPARy (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma), a key regulator of adipogenesis and triglyceride metabolism. The convergence of intellectual interests around a single topic, triglyceride metabolism and adipogenesis, has fueled our collaborative interactions, which in turn have led to entirely new discoveries. This PPG is organized into three projects and two cores. Project 1, "Function and Regulation of GPIHBP1 in Lipid Metabolism," will be led by Dr. Stephen G. Young. This project will deal with a novel endothelial cell protein, GPIHBP1 (glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored high density lipoprotein-binding protein 1), which is critically important for the lipolytic processing of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and for the delivery of lipid nutrients to adipose tissue, heart, and skeletal muscle. Project 2, "The Lipin Protein Family and Triglyceride Metabolism," will be led by Dr. Karen Reue. Dr. Reue's identification of the mutation causing fatty liver dystrophy led to the discovery of the lipin family of proteins, which have key roles in adipogenesis and triglyceride synthesis. The lipin proteins are intriguing because they function as triglyceride biosynthetic enzymes as well as transcriptional coactivators. Project 3, "Novel Pathways for Triglyceride Storage and Adipogenesis," will be led by Dr. Peter Tontonoz. Using a novel high-throughput screening approach, Dr. Tontonoz has identified entirely new cDNAs involved in adipogenesis, as well as small-molecule regulators of adipogenesis. Dr. Tontonoz is poised to elucidate these new players in the field of triglyceride metabolism and adipogenesis. A Mouse Model and Antibody Core (Core A) will create new genetically modified mice and polyclonal and monoclonal antibody reagents for the three projects. An Administration Core (Core B) will support the personnel of each project, organize advisory board meetings, and ensure compliance with institutional and NIH guidelines.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01HL090553-05
Application #
8298438
Study Section
Heart, Lung, and Blood Initial Review Group (HLBP)
Program Officer
Ershow, Abby
Project Start
2008-08-01
Project End
2013-12-14
Budget Start
2012-07-01
Budget End
2013-12-14
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$2,306,254
Indirect Cost
$699,602
Name
University of California Los Angeles
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
092530369
City
Los Angeles
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
90095
Arnold, Arthur P; Reue, Karen; Eghbali, Mansoureh et al. (2016) The importance of having two X chromosomes. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 371:20150113
Tian, Xiao Yu; Ganeshan, Kirthana; Hong, Cynthia et al. (2016) Thermoneutral Housing Accelerates Metabolic Inflammation to Potentiate Atherosclerosis but Not Insulin Resistance. Cell Metab 23:165-78
Wang, Bo; Rong, Xin; Duerr, Mark A et al. (2016) Intestinal Phospholipid Remodeling Is Required for Dietary-Lipid Uptake and Survival on a High-Fat Diet. Cell Metab 23:492-504
Allan, Christopher M; Procaccia, Shiri; Tran, Deanna et al. (2016) Palmoplantar Keratoderma in Slurp2-Deficient Mice. J Invest Dermatol 136:436-43
Dijk, Wieneke; Beigneux, Anne P; Larsson, Mikael et al. (2016) Angiopoietin-like 4 promotes intracellular degradation of lipoprotein lipase in adipocytes. J Lipid Res 57:1670-83
Ribas, Vicent; Drew, Brian G; Zhou, Zhenqi et al. (2016) Skeletal muscle action of estrogen receptor α is critical for the maintenance of mitochondrial function and metabolic homeostasis in females. Sci Transl Med 8:334ra54
Mysling, Simon; Kristensen, Kristian Kølby; Larsson, Mikael et al. (2016) The angiopoietin-like protein ANGPTL4 catalyzes unfolding of the hydrolase domain in lipoprotein lipase and the endothelial membrane protein GPIHBP1 counteracts this unfolding. Elife 5:
Mysling, Simon; Kristensen, Kristian Kølby; Larsson, Mikael et al. (2016) The acidic domain of the endothelial membrane protein GPIHBP1 stabilizes lipoprotein lipase activity by preventing unfolding of its catalytic domain. Elife 5:e12095
Vergnes, Laurent; Chin, Robert G; de Aguiar Vallim, Thomas et al. (2016) SREBP-2-deficient and hypomorphic mice reveal roles for SREBP-2 in embryonic development and SREBP-1c expression. J Lipid Res 57:410-21
Allan, Christopher M; Larsson, Mikael; Hu, Xuchen et al. (2016) An LPL-specific monoclonal antibody, 88B8, that abolishes the binding of LPL to GPIHBP1. J Lipid Res 57:1889-1898

Showing the most recent 10 out of 103 publications