This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. TTo address the growing problem of antibiotic resistance there is an important medical need to develop new antibacterials that work by novel mechanisms. This pilot proposal seeks to exploit myxobacteria as prolific producers of natural product antibiotics. Recent genomic and bioinformatic findings have highlighted this point as a stunning ~10 percent of myxobacterial genomes contain secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters. This proposal seeks to tackle a central enigma of antibiotic drug discovery?namely, that natural products are the leading source of antibiotics, yet their development is hindered by low fermentation yields and complex chemical structures that make synthesis difficult. To address these problems, our first goal will be to test the feasibility of our hypothesis that the predatory behavior of myxobacteria can be exploited to genetically select optimized producer strains. A focus of these studies is on the natural product antibiotic TA;a promising novel hybrid polyketide-peptide antibiotic shown to be safe and have broad-spectrum antibacterial activity. Studies are aimed at understanding the genetic network involved in regulating ta expression and generating overproducer strains. A second goal is focused on elucidating the mode of action for antibiotic TA. The long term focus of this project is to develop the biology of myxobacteria as a source of therapeutically promising natural products.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
Exploratory Grants (P20)
Project #
5P20RR016474-11
Application #
8359736
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1-RI-4 (01))
Project Start
2011-05-01
Project End
2012-04-30
Budget Start
2011-05-01
Budget End
2012-04-30
Support Year
11
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$34,227
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Wyoming
Department
Type
Schools of Allied Health Profes
DUNS #
069690956
City
Laramie
State
WY
Country
United States
Zip Code
82071
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