The specific aims represent a systematic continuation of prior RCMAR efforts. Specifically the mission of the Michigan Center for Urban African American Aging Research (MCUAAAR) is to generate knowledge that will reduce health disparities and improve health. To fulfill this mission, MCUAAAR pursues twin goals of: (1) increasing the number of highly trained African American aging researchers;and, (2) including more elderly African American subjects in health disparities research. To achieve these two goals, the continuation application proposes to explore three specific aims: 1) To recruit and mentor 15 new junior scholars into the area of aging and health research;2) To increase important research on health and health promotion among Older Adults of ethnic and racial populations, especially African Americans;and, 3) To extend research on the recruitment and retention of African American elders in health by utilizing the large MCUAAAR Participant Registry. Among other things, Aims 1 and 2 are motivated by the NIH-funded study (Ginther et al, 2011), which reported that grant applications from black scientists were 10 percentage points less likely to win grants than were applications from white investigators;in practical terms, this gap means that whites are about twice as likely as blacks to win approval.
Aim 3 recognizes that a sophisticated social/behavioral approach is required to understand the growing mortality, disease and health disparities among older African Americans. Throughout their training, MCUAAAR scholars will have: unlimited access to the Participant Registry, a research pool of currently 1685 willing minority respondents built over nearly a decade following a Community Based Participatory Model. The significance of this project is directly rooted in three major factors: overcoming critical barriers, improving scientific knowledge, and advancing the field of aging research. The project innovativeness of MCUAAAR resides in three distinctive features: shifts in current paradigms, novel approaches, and refined concepts.

Public Health Relevance

The need for well-trained faculty of color devoted to the study and amelioration of significant health status and health service disparities is well-documented. The purpose of the MCUAAAR is to provide training for junior scholars to become independent NIH funded researchers, facilitate community outreach and community research participation, and contribute to reducing and the eventual amelioration of race and ethnic health disparities.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
3P30AG015281-18S1
Application #
8897575
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1)
Program Officer
Nielsen, Lisbeth
Project Start
1997-09-30
Project End
2017-06-30
Budget Start
2014-09-01
Budget End
2015-06-30
Support Year
18
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Department
Type
Organized Research Units
DUNS #
City
Ann Arbor
State
MI
Country
United States
Zip Code
48109
Lichtenberg, Peter A; Peck, Debra A (2018) Aging and Informed Financial Decision Making: New Tools for the Professional Working With Older Adults. CSA J (Denver) 71:37-41
Chatters, Linda M; Nguyen, Ann W; Taylor, Robert Joseph et al. (2018) Church and Family Support Networks and Depressive Symptoms among African Americans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life. J Community Psychol 46:403-417
Mouzon, Dawne M; Watkins, Daphne C; Perry, Ramona et al. (2018) Intergenerational Mobility and Goal-Striving Stress Among Black Americans: The Roles of Ethnicity and Nativity Status. J Immigr Minor Health :
Xiang, Xiaoling; Robinson-Lane, Sheria G; Rosenberg, Walter et al. (2018) Implementing and sustaining evidence-based practice in health care: The Bridge Model experience. J Gerontol Soc Work 61:280-294
Campbell, Rebecca C; Lichtenberg, Peter A; Hall, Latoya N et al. (2018) Assessment of financial decision making: an informant scale. J Elder Abuse Negl :1-14
Mitchell, Jamie A; Johnson-Lawrence, Vicki; Williams, Ed-Dee G et al. (2018) Characterizing Mobility Limitations Among Older African American Men. J Natl Med Assoc 110:190-196
Weaver, Addie; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Chatters, Linda M et al. (2018) Depressive symptoms and psychological distress among rural African Americans: The role of material hardship and self-rated health. J Affect Disord 236:207-210
Xiang, Xiaoling; Leggett, Amanda; Himle, Joseph A et al. (2018) Major Depression and Subthreshold Depression among Older Adults Receiving Home Care. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 26:939-949
Cross, Christina J; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Chatters, Linda M (2018) Ethnic and Gender Differences in Family Social Support among Black Adolescents. Healthcare (Basel) 6:
Taylor, Robert Joseph; Miller, Reuben; Mouzon, Dawne et al. (2018) Everyday Discrimination among African American Men: The Impact of Criminal Justice Contact. Race Justice 8:154-177

Showing the most recent 10 out of 219 publications