The International Core is designed specifically to support the international research base of UNC, FHl, and RTI, including collaborating in-country investigators, foster synergy across the Cores and CFARs, and enhance HIV/AIDS research collaborations in key countries: Malawi, South Africa, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), China, Russia, and in Central America, Nicaragua and Guatemala. The sheer volume and density of HIV in our collaborating sites allows research questions to be addressed with speed and efficiency impossible in places with lower HIV prevalence. A substantial part ofthe UNC CFAR's NIH support for HIV research comes for work undertaken outside the United States. This has involved leadership roles in the nternational NIH networks, including HPTN, the International ACTG, the CHAVI (Center for HIV Vaccine Immunology), Microbicide Trials Network and IMPAACT. UNC's global AIDS programs have led to the formation of an NIH HIV Clinical Trials Unit (CTU) in Lilongwe, Malawi, widely viewed as one ofthe best and most productive in the NIH Networks. Investigator-initiated research on HIV clinical care and biological and social factors related to HIV transmission and prevention of transmission is ongoing in Malawi, South Africa, China, the DRC, and Russia;research devoted to STD and HIV overlap has been a focus in China. UNC investigators have participated in virtually all Fogarty research Training Programs including AITRP, the Fogarty Center for Bioethics in Francophone Africa, the ICORTA-TB/AIDS, and the Fogarty Ellison pre- and post-doctoral programs. The Core provides: support for basic, clinical, and behavioral/social science infrastructure and capacity building;training in-country and at UNC in protocol development, IRB, and regulatory;and consideration of a range of ethical challenges raised by international research collaborations. The Core has provided leadership in facilitating cross-Core collaborations, mentoring junior investigators, manuscript and grant preparation for international collaborators, and communicating results from international research.

Public Health Relevance

The International Core will impact public health in several ways. By investing in laboratory infrastructure, clinical and social/behavioral research capacity, development of clinical databases and specimen repositories, and mentored training needed to sustain these investments, the Core has facilitated important scientific and clinical discoveries that have been translated into improved medical treatment for people most affected by the HIV epidemic.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Center Core Grants (P30)
Project #
5P30AI050410-16
Application #
8531846
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-ELB-A)
Project Start
2013-08-01
Project End
2016-07-31
Budget Start
2013-08-01
Budget End
2014-07-31
Support Year
16
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$126,326
Indirect Cost
$35,105
Name
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Department
Type
DUNS #
608195277
City
Chapel Hill
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27599
Rutstein, S E; Golin, C E; Wheeler, S B et al. (2016) On the front line of HIV virological monitoring: barriers and facilitators from a provider perspective in resource-limited settings. AIDS Care 28:1-10
Cottrell, Mackenzie L; Yang, Kuo H; Prince, Heather M A et al. (2016) A Translational Pharmacology Approach to Predicting Outcomes of Preexposure Prophylaxis Against HIV in Men and Women Using Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate With or Without Emtricitabine. J Infect Dis 214:55-64
Sin, Sang-Hoon; Kang, Sun Ah; Kim, Yongbaek et al. (2016) Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Latency Locus Compensates for Interleukin-6 in Initial B Cell Activation. J Virol 90:2150-4
Chen, J; Malone, S; Prince, H M A et al. (2016) Model-Based Analysis of Unbound Lopinavir Pharmacokinetics in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women Supports Standard Dosing in the Third Trimester. CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol 5:147-57
Davis, Nicole L; Miller, William C; Hudgens, Michael G et al. (2016) Maternal and Breastmilk Viral Load: Impacts of Adherence on Peripartum HIV Infections Averted-The Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 73:572-580
Davis, Alissa; Meyerson, Beth E; Aghaulor, Blessing et al. (2016) Barriers to health service access among female migrant Ugandan sex workers in Guangzhou, China. Int J Equity Health 15:170
O'Donnell, Julie K; Gaynes, Bradley N; Cole, Stephen R et al. (2016) Ongoing life stressors and suicidal ideation among HIV-infected adults with depression. J Affect Disord 190:322-8
Cottrell, Mackenzie L; Prince, Heather M A; Allmon, Andrew et al. (2016) Cervicovaginal and Rectal Fluid as a Surrogate Marker of Antiretroviral Tissue Concentration: Implications for Clinical Trial Design. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 72:498-506
Lancaster, Kathryn E; Go, Vivian F; Lungu, Thandie et al. (2016) Substance use and HIV infection awareness among HIV-infected female sex workers in Lilongwe, Malawi. Int J Drug Policy 30:124-31
Lancaster, Kathryn Elizabeth; Powers, Kimberly A; Lungu, Thandie et al. (2016) The HIV Care Continuum among Female Sex Workers: A Key Population in Lilongwe, Malawi. PLoS One 11:e0147662

Showing the most recent 10 out of 1330 publications